Legends of Mount Shasta
California's Mount Shasta has been the subject of an unusually large number of myths and legends. In particular, it is often said to hide a secret city beneath its peaks. In some stories the city is no longer inhabited, while in others it is inhabited by a technological advanced society of human beings or mythical creatures.
 American Indian legends
According to local Indian tribes, Mount Shasta is inhabited by the spirit chief Skell who descended from heaven to the mountain's summit. Skell fought with Spirit of the Below-World, Llao, who resided at Mt. Mazama by throwing hot rocks and lava, probably representing the volcanic eruptions at both mountains. Writer Joaquin Miller recorded various related legends in the 1870s.
Mount Shasta has also been a focus for non-native American legends, centered on a hidden city of advanced beings from the lost continent of Lemuria. The legend grew from an offhand mention of Lemuria in the 1880s. In 1899, Frederick Spencer Oliver published A Dweller on Two Planets, which claimed that survivors from a sunken continent called Lemuria were living in or on Mount Shasta. Oliver's Lemurians lived in a complex of tunnels beneath the mountain and occasionally were seen walking the surface dressed in white robes. In 1931, Wisar Spenle Cerve wrote a book, published by the Rosicrucians, about the hidden Lemurians of Mount Shasta that cemented the legend in many readers' minds.
 Saint Germain
According to Guy Ballard, while hiking on Mount Shasta he encountered a man who introduced himself as Comte de Saint-Germain. Saint Germain is said to have started Ballard on the path to discovering the teachings that would become the "I AM" Activity religious movement.
 JC Brown
According to legend, JC Brown was a British prospector who discovered a lost underground city beneath Mt. Shasta in 1904. Brown had been hired by The Lord Cowdray Mining Company of England to prospect for gold, and discovered a cave which sloped downward for 11 miles. In the cave, he found an underground village filled with gold, shields, and mummies, some being up to 10 feet tall.
Thirty years later, he told his story to John C. Root who proceeded to gather an exploration team in Stockton, California. 80 people joined the team, but on the day the team was to set out, Brown did not show up. Brown was not heard from again.
- "History of Crater Lake". Oregon Explorer. http://oe.oregonexplorer.info/craterlake/history.html. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- "The Origin of the Lemurian Legend". Folklore of Mount Shasta. College of the Siskiyous. http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/fol/lem/index.htm.
- "Chapter 19 - Legends: Historical Interpretations & Reviews". Mount Shasta Annotated Bibliography. College of the Siskiyous. http://www.siskiyous.edu/Shasta/bib/B19.htm. Retrieved 2012-09-17.
- Brockman, N.C. (2011). Encyclopedia of Sacred Places. ABC-CLIO. p. 361. ISBN 978-1598846546.
- Moran, M.; Sceurman, M. (2006). Weird California. Sterling Publishing Company. p. 58. ISBN 978-1402733840.