Oct 24, 2007
from VideoGoogle Website
Lindsey Williams talks about his first hand knowledge of
Alaskan oil reserves larger than any on earth. And he talks about how the
oil companies and U.S. government won't send it through the pipeline for
U.S. citizens to use.
Read "The Energy Non-Crisis" by
Raining Hydrocarbons In The
by Lisa M.
Geotimes - Petroleum
from GeoTimes Website
Below the Gulf of Mexico, hydrocarbons flow upward through an
intricate network of conduits and reservoirs. They start in thin layers of
source rock and, from there, buoyantly rise to the surface. On their way
up, the hydrocarbons collect in little rivulets, and create temporary
pockets like rain filling a pond. Eventually most escape to the
this is all happening now, not millions and millions of years ago, says
Larry Cathles, a chemical geologist at Cornell
"We're dealing with this giant flow-through system where the
hydrocarbons are generating now, moving through the overlying strata
now, building the reservoirs now and spilling out into the ocean now,"
bringing this new view of an active hydrocarbon cycle to industry, hoping
it will lead to larger oil and gas discoveries.
matching the chemical signatures of the oil and gas with geologic models
for the structures below the seafloor, petroleum geologists could tap into
reserves larger than the North Sea, says Cathles, who presented his
findings at the meeting of the American Chemical Society in New
Orleans on March 27, 2003.
This canvas image of the study area shows the top of salt surface
(salt domes are spikes) in the Gas Research Institute study area and
four areas of detailed study (stratigraphic layers). The oil
fields seen here are Tiger Shoals, South Marsh Island 9 (SMI 9), the
South Eugene Island Block 330 area (SEI 330), and Green Canyon 184 area
this area, 125 kilometers by 200 kilometers, Larry Cathles of
Cornell University and his team estimate hydrocarbon reserves larger
than those of the North Sea.
Image by Larry Cathles
Cathles and his team estimate that in a study area of about
9,600 square miles off the coast of Louisiana, source rocks a dozen
kilometers down have generated as much as 184 billion tons of oil and gas
- about 1,000 billion barrels of oil and gas equivalent.
"That's 30 percent more than we humans have consumed over the
entire petroleum era," Cathles says. "And that's just this one little
postage stamp area; if this is going on worldwide, then there's a lot of
hydrocarbons venting out."
According to a 2000 assessment from the Minerals Management
Service (MMS), the mean undiscovered, conventionally
recoverable resources in the Gulf of Mexico offshore continental shelf are
71 billion barrels of oil equivalent.
says Richie Baud of MMS, not all those resources are economically
recoverable and they cannot be directly compared to Cathles' numbers,
"our assessment only includes those hydrocarbon resources that
are conventionally recoverable whereas their study includes
unconventionally recoverable resources."
Future MMS assessments, Baud says, may include unconventionally
recoverable resources, such as gas hydrates.
Of that huge resource
of naturally generated hydrocarbons, Cathles says, more than 70 percent
have made their way upward through the vast network of streams and ponds,
venting into the ocean, at a rate of about 0.1 ton per year. The escaped
hydrocarbons then become food for bacteria, helping to fuel the oceanic
Another 10 percent of the Gulf's total hydrocarbons are hidden in
the subsurface, representing about 60 billion barrels of oil and 374
trillion cubic feet of gas that could be extracted. The remaining
hydrocarbons, about 20 percent, stay trapped in the source
Driving the venting process is the replacement of deep,
carbonate-sourced Jurassic hydrocarbons by shale-sourced, Eocene
Determining the ratio between the younger and older hydrocarbons,
based on their chemical signatures, is key to understanding the migration
paths of the oil and gas and the potential volume waiting to be tapped.
"If the Eocene source matures and its chemical signature is going
to be seen near the surface, it's got to displace all that earlier
generated hydrocarbon - that's the secret of getting a handle on this
number," Cathles says.
Another important key to understanding hydrocarbon migration is
"gas washing," Cathles adds. A relatively new process his research team
discovered in the Gulf work, gas washing refers to the regular interaction
of oil with large amounts of natural gas.
the northern area of Cathles' study area, he estimates that gas carries
off 90 percent of the oil.
Ed Colling, senior staff
geologist at ChevronTexaco, says that identifying the depth at
which gas washing occurs could be extremely useful in locating deeper oil
"If you make a discovery, by back tracking the chemistry and
seeing where the gas washing occurred, you have the opportunity to find
deeper oil," he says.
Using such information in combination with the active hydrocarbon
flow model Cathles' team produced and already existing 3-D seismic
analyses could substantially improve accuracy in drilling for oil and gas,
ChevronTexaco, which funds Cathles' work through the
Global Basins Research Network, has been working to integrate the
technologies. (Additional funding comes from the Gas Research
"All the players are looking for bigger reserves than what's on
shore," Colling says.
deep water changes the business plan. With each well a multibillion dollar
investment, the discovery must amount to at least several hundred million
barrels of oil and gas for the drilling to be economic.
Chemical signatures and detailed basin models are just more tools
to help them decide where to drill, he says.
big part of the future of exploration is being able to effectively use
chemical information," Cathles says.
Working in an area with more oil by at least a factor of two than
the North Sea, he says he hopes that his models will help companies better
allocate their resources.
equally important, Cathles says, is that his work is shifting the way
people think about natural hydrocarbon vent systems - from the past to the
More Evidence For Sustainable
by Donnie Marlo
from Rense Website
After reading the article posted today on your website
"Sustainable Oil", I smell a conspiracy here! An oil industry conspiracy
to drive oil prices through the roof by floating the lie that oil is
created from organic processes and is in limited supply.
I did a search on Google on the subject using the term
"Origins of Petroleum" and found a wealth of info backing up the authors
claims..... see below.
Origins of Oil and Petroleum
Date: Mon, 29 Jul 1996 17:54:57 PDT
From: "Daniel E.
Subject: Oil - A RENEWABLE and ABIOTIC FUEL?
20th, 1996 Col. Prouty stated...
"Oil is often called a 'fossil' fuel; the idea being that it
comes from formerly living organisms. This may have been plausible
back when oil wells were drilled into the fossil layers of the earth's
crust; but today, great quantities of oil are found in deeper wells
that are found below the level of any fossils. How could then oil have
come from fossils, or decomposed former living matter, if it exists in
rock formations far below layers of fossils - the evidence of formerly
living organisms? It must not come from living matter at
Two days after I read his statement I encountered the following
statement in a newspaper I deeply respect:
"Any geologist will tell you, well, most geologists will tell
you that OIL IS CREATED BY THE MAGMA OF THE EARTH. The oil wells in
Pennsylvania that were pumped out dry at the turn of the century and
capped are now filled with oil
I would be honored if Col Prouty could provide
me with just a few additional leads to MORE DOCUMENTATION BACKING UP HIS
ASSERTION. A search of the US libraries (via computer) has turned up the
name of Professor Thomas Gold who wrote a book entitled: "Power from the
I tried to contact Marc J. Defant, a
Volcanologist who teaches at the University of Southern Florida, but he
is in Russia - probably drilling for OIL PRODUCED BY
Professor Gold's book has been requested via
I certainly believe Col Prouty is telling the
truth - as he knows it - personally! Well, I seek the TRUTH - and when I
find it - I teach it to all who desire to hear it - as best I
Thank you for taking time to read my request. If, Col Prouty
can find the time to read it too - and he chooses to share additional
information with me - I shall be most
Daniel E. Reynolds
July 29, 1996
is Col. Prouty's response.
Date: Wed, 31 Jul 1996 21:16:04 -0400
From: Col. L. Fletcher Prouty
Subject: RE: Reynolds letter
This response is for
Daniel E. Reynolds, 29 July 1996 on the subject of "Oil - A
renewable and abiotic Fuel?"
Dan, your use of the word "abiotic"
is good. As a non-fossil fuel, petroleum has no living antecedent. It
contains chemical elements found in living matter; but it is not
"formerly living matter." There has not been enough true "formerly
living matter" through all of creation to account for the volume of
petroleum that has been consumed to date.
My background in this
subject goes back to 1943. I was the pilot who flew a U.S. Geological
Survey Team from Casablanca to Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. We met the Cal.
Standard Oil team holding down that lease. Then we went back to Cairo to
meet President Roosevelt during the Nov. 1943 "Cairo Conference" with
Churchill and Chiang Kai Shek. FDR ordered the immediate construction of
an oil refinery there for WW II use. This led to ARAMCO.
the "Energy Crisis" of the 1970's I was detailed to represent the U.S.
Railroad industry as a member of the "Federal Staff Energy Seminar"
program started by the Center for Strategic and International Studies,
sponsored by Georgetown University. That began in Jan 1974 and continued
for four years. It was designed to discuss "the working of the United
States national energy system, and new horizons of energy research."
Among the regular attendees were such men as Henry
Kissinger and James Schlesinger... most valuable
During one meeting we took a "Buffet Break" and I was
seated with Arthur Kantrowitz of the AVCO Company... "Kantrowitz
Labs" near Boston. At the table with us were four young geologists
busily talking about Petroleum. At one point one of them made reference
to "Petroleum as organic matter, and a fossil fuel." Right out of the
Kantrowitz turned to the geologist beside
him and asked,
"Do you really believe that petroleum is a fossil fuel?" The
man said, "Certainly" and all four of them joined in.
Kantrowitz listened quietly and then said,
"The deepest fossil ever found has been at about 16,000 feet
below sea level; yet we are getting oil from wells drilled to 30,000
and more. How could fossil fuel get down there? If it was once living
matter, it had to be on the surface. If it did turn into petroleum, at
or near the surface, how could it ever get to such depths? What is
heavier Oil or Water?"
Water: so it would go down, not oil. Oil would be on top, if it
were "organic" and "lighter."
"Oil is neither."
They all agreed water was heavier, and therefore if there was
some crack or other open area for this "Organic matter" to go deep into
the magma of Earth, water would have to go first and oil would be left
nearer the surface. This is reasonable. Even if we do agree that "magma"
is a "crude mixture of minerals or organic matters, in a thin pasty
state" this does not make it petroleum, and if it were petroleum it
would have stayed near the surface as heavier items, i.e. water seeped
My D. Van Nostrand "Scientific Encyclopedia" says,
"Magma is the term for molten material. A natural, complex,
liquid, high temperature, silicate solution ancestral to all igneous
rocks, both intrusive and effusive. The origin of Magma is not known."
"Oxford English Dictionary" does not even have the word
Some years ago I wrote two or three pages that appeared
in the McGraw Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, i.e.
Even that source is a bit uncertain about the "origin of
petroleum" to wit:
"Less than 1% of the organic matter that originates in or is
transported to the marine environment is eventually incorporated into
ocean sediment," and,
"Most petroleum is formed during catagenesis (undefined
anywhere). If sufficient organic matter is present oceanic
sediments that undergo this process are potential petroleum sources.
Deeply buried marine organic matter yields mainly oil, whereas land
plant material yields mainly gas." (Their idea of "deeply buried" is
All this leaves us no where. I still go with Kantrowitz. Since
oil is lighter than water, everywhere on Earth, there is no way that
petroleum could be an organic, fossil fuel that is created on or
near the surface, and penetrate Earth ahead of water. Oil must originate
far below and gradually work its way up into well-depth areas accessible
to surface drilling. It comes from far below. Therefore, petroleum is
not a "Fossil" fuel with a surface or near surface origin.
made to be thought a "Fossil" fuel by the Nineteenth oil producers to
create the concept that it was of limited supply and therefore extremely
valuable. This fits with the "Depletion" allowance philosophical
During one of our C.S.I.S. "International Nights" (1978)
the Common Market Energy boss, M. Montibrial of France,
told us that while petroleum was being marketed then for $20.00 per
barrel or more, it cost no more than 25 cents per barrel at the
There is our petroleum problem!
were paying more than $1.50-$1.60 per gallon, one 42nd of a barrel, at
that time. Interested folks need to learn more about the Chartered Institute of
Transport, and not waste their time with OPEC, the
Those who pumped the Pennsylvania wells "dry"
during the late eighteen hundreds saved what they had for those better
L. Fletcher Prouty
Subject: FACTS, FACTS, and MORE FACTS!
To: Col Prouty
Dear Len (and Col Prouty),
by Col Prouty's assertion that OIL IS A NON-FOSSIL FUEL - I put my
roadster in high gear - and went prospecting for some SOLID support!
Well, I'm hear to tell you both, I DO BELIEVE I've FOUND IT - in
Item #1: A MAGNIFICENT BOOK!!!!
TITLE: Power from the Earth Deep Earth Gas -
Energy for the Future by Thomas Gold
[J.M. Dent & Sons, Ltd, London, 1987] ISBN
May I quote a
few lines from from the front cover of the book ... a few words ... on,
JUST WHO THIS GUY THOMAS GOLD AND WHAT HE HAS TO SAY ON THIS
"Professor Thomas Gold is one of the great scientific thinkers
of our time and in Power from the Earth he puts forward a highly
revolutionary and controversial theory.
According to Gold,
there are within the Earth virtually limitless stores of energy in the
form of gas and oil as yet untapped. This energy is of
non-biological origin and there is far more of it in the Earth
than geologists have ever imagined - and IT IS
- - Score 1 for Col Prouty!
At a time
when the future supply of traditional fossil fuels is said to be
seriously limited and nuclear energy is becoming ever more suspect,
Gold's theory has vast implications for the future of the Earth's
energy supplies and is crucial to our understanding of the deep
processes that cause earthquakes and volcanoes. His view also clearly
has far reaching consequences for the economic and political shape of
- - Score 2 for Col Prouty!
In the past
Professor Gold has explained the nature of pulsars and solar flares,
proved that the Earth's poles change position over time, made new
discoveries about the workings of the human inner ear, and was the
only scientist to predict that Moon's surface consists of dust. His
new theory has already been grabbing the attention of the
international press and a drilling operation has been started in
Sweden on the basis of his idea.
In Power from the Earth
Professor Gold puts forward one of the most important scientific ideas
of our age."
Well, having read the book, I can say I certainly concur with
THAT OPINION. And guess what - Dr. Gold is a friend of Arthur K.
of AVCO LABS, etc....! BULLSEYE!
- - Score 3 for Col
WHO IS THIS MAN....well listen up...
"Professor Thomas Gold, FRS, was born in Austria and educated
in Switzerland and England, where he became famous as an astronomer at
Cambridge in the post-war years. In 1956 he moved to the United States
to become a professor at Harvard. He later became Professor of
Astronomy at Cornell University, where he founded and directed the
world-famous Center for Radiophysics and Space Research. He is a
Fellow of the Royal Society and of the United States National Academy
of Sciences, and in 1985 was awarded the Gold Medal by the Royal
Astronomical Society. He now lives in Cambridge, England and is an
Honorary Fellow of Trinity College."
Not bad. Not bad at all.
In fact, I'm honored to have made
- - Score 4 for Col
& a Hearty THANK YOU TO DR. GOLD.
They say, he
coined the term magnetosphere in '59! I wonder what HE THINKS is
causing those black outs out West??? Falling tree limbs? Now THAT's an
Maybe a bird took out the TWA?
Hey, it's just a theory, just a
Ok ... now ... I hear some one murmuring
... "Well, if his Ideas are so good, so right, so profound -
SURELY THEY'VE MADE THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE ...REFEREED JOURNAL
ARTICLES ... you know ... and all that. I mean ... if it's REEEEEEAL
SCIENCE surely it's been recognized around the
matter of fact, it has!
My I introduce you both (if you have not
been so introduced prior to this letter) to the work and writings of
Ref: Kropotkin, P. N. (1985)
Degassing of the Earth and the Origin of Hydrocarbons,
published in the International Geology Review, 27,
P.N. Kroptkin - who is with the Geological Institute of the USSR
Academy of Sciences, Moscow, it says in the header,
"has long been a leading proponent of the INORGANIC ORIGIN
OF PETROLEUM, a THEORY which has had a continuous tradition
of support in Russia and the Soviet Union and a recent revival in the
United States and Western Europe."
well, better late than never!
THIS PAPER IS LOADED WITH FACTS!
Anyone who thinks that Col Prouty or Dr. Gold are
spinning some kind of yarn... HAD BEST READ IT - ASAP. WE ARE BEING
OFFERED AN IMMORTAL SYMPHONY BY THESE MEN - and I for one LOVE the Sound
of THIS MUSIC!
May I share just one quote from the work of P.N.
Kroptkin... from page 1265 ... just one of many many AWESOME FACTS IN
THIS SCIENTIFIC DOCUMENT...
"Commercial oil pools in the basement rocks have been recorded in
267 oil and gas deposits on different continents. In some, oil is
present at a depth of several hundred meters from its surface; in the
USSR, such pools are known in a number of areas. A detailed analysis of
the geological environment suggests that in some of these deposits, OIL
COULD NOT HAVE ENTERED THE POOLS FROM THE OIL-BEARING STRATA OF THE
SEDIMENTARY COVER AND, CONSEQUENTLY, PENETRATED FROM BELOW ALONG
Such is the Borolla deposit with pools in the Precambrian
granites of the Shillong plateau (eastern India), the Peace River
deposit in Western Canada associated with faults in the basin of the
Athabasca River which border the zone of the pericratonic tough of the
Canadian Shied, and the gigantic deposits of the Hugoton-Panhandle
region of the USA and the Augila-Nafoora-Amal deposit in Libya.
the Hugoton-Panhandle deposit, the upper Paleozoic sediments and the
basement rocks contain, in addition to oil, 2000 billion m3
of fuel gases and 10 billion m3 of helium and its
concentration in such vast amounts over a small area may be explained,
as earlier noted by V. I. Vernadskiy, solely by the migration of
gas from a great depth, where faults drain huge volumes of rocks of the
FOSSIL-FUEL THEORY DEBUNKED:
OIL, GAS DEPOSITS CALLED PRIMORDIAL
Discussion Update for March 1997
SEATTLE - The public's most widely known piece of geological
knowledge - how petroleum and natural-gas deposits formed on Earth - is
false, a noted scientist says. Surprisingly, his campaign to rewrite
school textbooks and encyclopedias is getting grudging support from some
geologists, who acknowledge that petroleum's origins may be dramatically
different than what people believe.
Millions of Americans learned
in grade school that oil deposits originated in the age of dinosaurs,
when vegetation in lush forests was buried and subjected to high heat and
Those extreme conditions supposedly transformed the hydrocarbons in
vegetation into the hydrocarbons of petroleum.
"That's nonsense," snapped Thomas Gold, a scientist at Cornell
University. "There's not a shred of evidence from chemistry, geology, or
any other science to support it. It has no place in textbooks and school
appearances at the annual meeting of The American Association for the
Advancement of Science in Seattle here that ended Thursday, Gold
repeatedly challenged geologists to reconsider and reject the conventional
Gold also presented evidence that oil and gas deposits on
Earth are primordial. That means they came with the planet. They were part
of the original raw material that formed the sun and planets, and
deposited deep below Earth's surface when the planet formed 4.5 billion
Some of the oil gradually oozes upward from these
original deposits 100 to 200 miles below the surface and collects where
oil drillers can reach it.
In one presentation, Gold described
shafts that he and associates drilled in an ancient meteorite impact
crater in Sweden. They drilled into a kind of rock that was not
sedimentary, not associated with the sediments believed to produce oil
At a depth of about 4 miles, they encountered a
hydrocarbon oil similar to light petroleum that Gold believes was
primordial oil. He noted a variety of evidence to support the belief. Gold
estimated that this single site contained "more petroleum than all of
current technology, however, pumping it out would be impossible, he added.
Gold contended that many other planets and planetary bodies in the solar
system have similar deep deposits of hydrocarbons, which are the stuff of
oil and natural gas. Gold argues that a primordial origin for petroleum is
the only way to explain its chemical composition.
originating from plant matter decayed by bacteria, similar to bacteria
that decay backyard garden-compost piles, would resemble a microbial
product. Instead, petroleum is chemically similar to a pure hydrocarbon
that has been contaminated with microbial material. That contamination, he
argues, occurred as petroleum seeped upward through rock now known to
contain enormous amounts of bacterial life.
moving upward, petroleum also collected helium, explaining why oil wells
are such a rich source of helium.
"This is the only possible explanation," Gold said. "The
association of helium with petroleum has not been accounted for in any
do geologists respond?
They're beginning to listen, according to
Michael Carr, who appeared on a panel where Gold presented his
theory. Carr is a scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, Va.
"Dr. Gold has some very, very good evidence, especially that
involving helium," Carr said. "He certainly is challenging the
geological community. There is a debate within the geological
said geologists plan to reconsider the conventional theory about petroleum
formation at a major meting later in the year.