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8.3c. Consciousness and Physics, Misc (Consciousness and Physics, Misc on PhilPapers)

See also:
Acosta, Carlos (2006). The frame(s) problem and the physical and emotional basis of human cognition. Technoetic Arts 4 (2):151-65.   (Google | More links)
Aerts, D.; Broekaert, J. & Gabora, Liane (2002). Intrinsic contextuality as the crux of consciousness. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind: Proceedings of Toward a Science of Consciousness: Fundamental Approaches (Tokyo '99). John Benjamins.   (Cited by 8 | Google | More links)
Abstract: A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what extent, a system is conscious. Thus we believe that a deep understanding of contextuality is vital to the study of consciousness. Methods have been developed for handling contextuality in the microworld of quantum particles. Our goal has been to investigate the extent to which these methods can be used to analyze contextuality in conscious experience
Atmanspacher, Harald (1994). Complexity and meaning as a bridge across the cartesian cut. Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (2):168-181.   (Cited by 18 | Google)
Atmanspacher, Harald & Primas, Hans (2006). Pauli's ideas on mind and matter in the context of contemporary of science. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (3):5-50.   (Google)
Abstract: Wolfgang Pauli (1900-1958) was one of the greatest physicists of the past century. He played a leading role in the development of modern physics and was known for his ruthless intellectual integrity. Pauli first became famed through the publication of his encyclopaedia article on the theory of relativity (Pauli, 1921) when he was still a student of Sommerfeld's. Einstein much admired this article, which remained a classic
Baars, Bernard J. (1995). Can physics provide a theory of consciousness? Psyche 2 (8).   (Cited by 5 | Google | More links)
Baer, Wolfgang (2007). The physical condition for consciousness: A comment on R. Shaw and J. Kinsella-Shaw. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (8):93-104.   (Google | More links)
Abstract: If the universe is a machine, consciousness is not possible. If the universe is more than a machine, then physics is incomplete. Since we are both part of the universe and conscious, physics must be incomplete and the understanding required to construct conscious mechanisms must be sought through the advancement of physics not the continued application of inadequate concepts. In this paper I will show that an impediment to this advancement is the confusion arising through the use of terms such as 'physical reality' to refer to an absolute a priori Kantian 'Ding an Sich' when they should both be recognized as referring to data structures holding the knowledge upon which we act and nothing more. Once this confusion has been clarified, I will go on to suggest that the cycle of activity updating physical reality becomes a candidate for a conscious process. I will show how implementing algorithms in modern computers can mimic this process but if actual consciousness is to be achieved the update activity must correspond to a cycle in time. Such cycles have been identified with Whitehead's 'actual occasions' and thus I will argue that fundamental events should replace fundamental particles as the building blocks of the universe if consciousness is to be explained
Bieberich, Erhard (ms). Structure in human consciousness: A fractal approach to the topology of the self perceiving an outer world in an inner space.   (Cited by 6 | Google | More links)
Abstract: In human consciousness a world of separated objects is perceived by an inner observer who is experienced as an undivided feeling of one-self. A topological correlation of the self to the world, however, entails a paradoxical situation by either merging all separated objects into one or splitting the self into as many subselves as there are objects perceived. This study introduces a model suggesting that the self is generated in a neural network by algorithmic compression of spatial and temporal information into a fractal structure. A correlation of an inner observer to parts of a fractal structure inevitably entails a correlation to the whole, thereby preserving the undividedness of the self. Molecular mechanisms for the generation of a fractal structure in a neural network and the possibility of experimental investigation will be discussed
Bilodeau, D. (1996). Physics, machines, and the hard problem. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):386-401.   (Cited by 6 | Google)
Bohm, David J. (1986). A new theory of the relationship of mind and matter. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research 80 (2 & 3):113-35.   (Cited by 49 | Google | More links)
Abstract: The relationship of mind and matter is approached in a new way in this article. This approach is based on the causal interpretation of the quantum theory, in which an electron, for example, is regarded as an inseparable union of a particle and afield. This field has, however, some new properties that can be seen to be the main sources of the differences between the quantum theory and the classical (Newtonian) theory. These new properties suggest that the field may be regarded as containing objective and active information, and that the activity of this information is similar in certain key ways to the activity of information in our ordinary subjective experience. The analogy between mind and matter is thus fairly close. This analogy leads to the proposal of the general outlines of a new theory of mind, matter, and their relationship, in which the basic notion is participation rather than interaction. Although the theory can be developed mathematically in more detail, the main emphasis here is to show qualitatively how it provides a way of thinking that does not divide mind from matter, and thus leads to a more coherent understanding of such questions than is possible in the common dualistic and reductionistic approaches. These ideas may be relevant to connectionist theories and might perhaps suggest new directions for their development
Burns, Jean E. (1990). Contemporary models of consciousness, part I. Journal of Mind and Behavior 11:153-171.   (Google)
Burns, Jean E. (1991). Contemporary models of consciousness, part II. Journal of Mind and Behavior 12:407-420.   (Google)
Burns, Jean E. (1996). The Possibility of Empirical Test of Hypotheses About Consciousness. In S. R. Hameroff, A. W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Towards a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press.   (Cited by 2 | Google)
Clarke, Christopher J. S. (2001). Consciousness and non-hierarchical physics. In P. Van Loocke (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins.   (Cited by 2 | Google)
Clarke, Christopher J. S. (1995). The nonlocality of mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 2:231-40.   (Cited by 16 | Google)
Culbertson, James T. (1982). Consciousness: Natural and Artificial. Libra.   (Cited by 4 | Google)
de Silva, F. (1996). Consciousness and special relativity. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine 15:21-26.   (Google)
De Silva, Frank (ms). Foundation of all Axioms the Axioms of Consciousness.   (Google)
Abstract: A description of consciousness leads to a contradiction with the postulation from special relativity that there can be no connections between simultaneous event. This contradiction points to consciousness involving quantum level mechanisms. The Quantum level description of the universe is re- evaluated in the light of what is observed in consciousness namely 4 Dimensional objects. A new improved interpretation of Quantum level observations is introduced. From this vantage point the following axioms of consciousness is presented. Consciousness consists of two distinct components, the observed U and the observer I. The observed U consist of all the events I is aware of. A vast majority of these occur simultaneously. Now if I were to be an entity within the space-time continuum, all of these events of U together with I would have to occur at one point in space-time. However, U is distributed over a definite region of space-time (region in brain). Thus, I is aware of a multitude of space-like separated events. It is seen that this awareness necessitates I to be an entity outside the space-time continuum. With I taken as such, a new concept called concept A is introduced. With the help of concept A a very important axiom of consciousness, namely Free Will is explained. Libet s Experiment which was originally seen to contradict Free will, in the light of Concept A is shown to support it. A variation to Libet s Experiment is suggested that will give conclusive proof for Concept A and Free Will.
Dugic, M.; Cirkovic, Milan M. & Rakovic, D. (2002). On a possible physical metatheory of consciousness. Open Systems and Information Dynamics 9:153-166.   (Cited by 7 | Google | More links)
Dyer, Michael G. (1994). Quantum physics and consciousness, creativity, computers: A commentary on Goswami's quantum-based theory of consciousness and free will. Journal of Mind and Behavior 15 (3):265-90.   (Google)
Elitzur, Avshalom C. (1996). Time and consciousness: The uneasy bearing of relativity on the mind-body problem. In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press.   (Google)
Esfeld, Michael (1999). Quantum holism and the philosophy of mind. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):23-38.   (Cited by 7 | Google | More links)
Abstract: This paper attempts to build a bridge between the interpretation of quantum theory and the philosophy of mind. In contrast to other such attempts, the bridge which this paper suggests does not consist in extending features of quantum theory to the philosophy of mind. The argument of this paper is that the discussion about a revision of the Cartesian tradition in current philosophy of mind is relevant to the interpretation of quantum theory: taking this discussion into account sharpens up the task for the interpretation of quantum physics as far as the scope of what is known as quantum holism is concerned. In particular, considering this discussion makes out a strong case against the interpretation that considers quantum holism to be universal in the physical realm
Globus, Gordon G.; Pribram, Karl H. & Vitiello, Giuseppe (eds.) (2004). Brain and Being. John Benjamins.   (Cited by 3 | Google)
Gordon, David (1984). Special relativity and the location of mental events. Analysis 44 (June):126-127.   (Cited by 1 | Google)
Goswami, Amit (2001). Physics within non-dual consciousness. Philosophy East and West 51 (4):535-544.   (Google | More links)
Goswami, Amit (ms). The hard questions: View from a science of consciousness.   (Google)
Haraldsen, Robert E. (online). Mind, Matter and Extreme Relativistic Aberration -ERA. Mind and Matter - a scientific approach.   (Google)
Abstract: On consciousness and the flow of spacetime with emphasis on Relativity, Quantum Mechanics and extra dimensions from the perspective of extreme relativistic aberration - ERA From the deepest levels of eternal consciousness we are shaped into an illusive subjective world of inherited collective projections built on phenomenological interactions, obeying solely the realm of purely abstract mathematics.
Haraldsen, Robert E. (ms). Spacetime Flow and Gravitation.   (Google)
Abstract: Time's speed is a subjective illusion created by the accumulation of individual perception onto reflections within the mind . It is defined by the frequency of the interactions of thought process, where distance related to space is time's reciprocal. Consequently, "space" separated from "time" is a manifestation of structured consciousness, wherein experience exists as feedback of the mind projecting onto consciousness the illusion of separate entities. The direction and the speed of light is constant only when not influenced by different factors, such as gravity and material density. Light is also absorbed and emitted in atoms. This fact of differentiated speed and absorption/emission is of crucial importance to the following discussion relating to the mind's interpretational mechanisms.
Haraldsen, Robert E. (ms). The Flow of the Oscillating Universe.   (Google)
Abstract: A deeper understanding of the dynamics of consciousness, not only in the trivial sense of immaterial psychological relations, but as the prerequisite of the universe itself, may lead to an understanding of gravitation. The following argument acknowledges theories of higher dimensions, such as string-M-theory as important descriptive models along with the embedded theories of quantum mechanics and an expanded relativity theory. It is also presumed that the unexploited consequence of special relativity; extreme relativistic aberration , will turn out to be one of the most important keys to a better understanding of the overall unity.
Herbert, N. (1993). Elemental Mind: Human Consciousness and the New Physics. Dutton.   (Cited by 22 | Google)
Hodgson, David (1996). Nonlocality, local indeterminism, and consciousness. Ratio 9 (1):1-22.   (Cited by 3 | Google)
Hodgson, David (1991). The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World. Oxford Unversity Press.   (Cited by 36 | Google)
Abstract: In this book, Hodgson presents a clear and compelling case against today's orthodox mechanistic view of the brain-mind, and in favor of the view that "the mind matters." In the course of the argument he ranges over such topics as consciousness, informal reasoning, computers, evolution, and quantum indeterminancy and non-locality. Although written from a philosophical viewpoint, the book has important implications for the sciences concerned with the brain-mind problem. At the same time, it is largely non-technical, and thus accessible to the non-specialist reader
Ho, M. W. (1997). Quantum coherence and conscious experience. Kybernetes 26:265-76.   (Cited by 9 | Google | More links)
Jibu, Marj (2002). The mind-body and the light-matter. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins.   (Google)
Josephson, Brian (2002). The importance of experience: Where for the future? In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins.   (Google)
Kato, Goro & Struppa, D. (2002). Category theory and consciousness. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins.   (Cited by 4 | Google)
Laszlo, Ervin (2006). Quantum and consciousness: In search of a new paradigm. Zygon 41 (3):533-541.   (Cited by 2 | Google | More links)
Lipkin, Michael (2005). The field concept in current models of consciousness: A tool for solving the hard problem? Mind and Matter 3 (2):29-85.   (Cited by 1 | Google | More links)
Lockwood, Michael (2003). Consciousness and the quantum world: Putting qualia on the map. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.   (Google)
Lockwood, Michael (1984). Reply to David Gordon's Special Relativity and the Location of Mental Events. Analysis 44 (June):127-128.   (Google)
Loewer, Barry M. (2003). Consciousness and quantum theory: Strange bedfellows. In Quentin Smith & Aleksandar Jokic (eds.), Consciousness: New Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press.   (Google)
Abstract: When I look at the scale of the apparatus I know what it reads. Those absurdly delicate, hopelessly inaccessible, global correlations obviously vanish when they connect up with me. Whether this is because consciousness is beyond the range of phenomena that quantum mechanics is capable of dealing with, or because it has infinitely many degrees of freedom or special super selection rules of its own, I would not presume to guess. But this is a puzzle about consciousness that should not get mixed up with efforts to understand quantum mechanics as a theory of subsystem correlations in the nonconscious world. ( David Mermin 1998)
Loockvane, Philip (2001). The philosophy of consciousness, 'deep' teleology and objective selection. In Philip Van Loocke (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. Advances in Consciousness Research, Vol 29.   (Google)
Macdonald, Copthorne (1994). An energy/ awareness/ information interpretation of physical and mental reality. Zygon 29 (2):135-151.   (Cited by 2 | Google)
Mahler, Gunter (2004). The partitioned quantum universe: Entanglement and the emergence of functionality. Mind and Matter 2 (2):67-89.   (Cited by 1 | Google | More links)
Abstract: Given that the world as we perceive it appears to be predominantly classical, how can we stabilize quantum effects? Given the fundamental description of our world is quantum mechanical, how do classical phenomena emerge? Answers can be found from the analysis of the scaling properties of modular quantum systems with respect to a given level of description. It is argued that, depending on design, such partitioned quantum systems may support various functions. Despite their local appearance these functions are emergent properties of the system as a whole. With respect to the separation of subject and object such functions of interest are control, simulation, and observation. They are interpreted in close analogy with more basic physical behavior
McFadden, J. (2002). Synchronous firing and its influence on the brain's electromagnetic field: Evidence for an electromagnetic field theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):23-50.   (Google)
McFadden, J. (2002). The conscious electromagnetic information (cemi) field theory: The hard problem made easy? Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):45-60.   (Cited by 7 | Google | More links)
McFadden, J. (2002). The conscious electromagnetic field: The hard problem made easy? Journal of Consciousness Studies.   (Google)
Mohrhoff, Ulrich (online). Beyond the cookie Cutter paradigm. Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education.   (Cited by 11 | Google)
Mohrhoff, Ulrich (2007). Particles, consciousness, volition: A vedantic vision. AntiMatters 1 (1):23-53.   (Cited by 4 | Google)
Mohrhoff, Ulrich (online). Quantum mechanics and the cookie Cutter paradigm. arXiv.Org.   (Cited by 8 | Google | More links)
Moravec, Hans (1995). Roger Penrose's gravitonic brains: A review of Shadows of the Mind by Roger Penrose. Psyche 2 (1).   (Cited by 1 | Google)
Abstract: Summarizing a surrounding 200 pages, pages 179 to 190 of Shadows of the Mind contain a future dialog between a human identified as "Albert Imperator" and an advanced robot, the "Mathematically Justified Cybersystem", allegedly Albert's creation. The two have been discussing a Gödel sentence for an algorithm by which a robot society named SMIRC certifies mathematical proofs. The sentence, referred to in mathematical notation as Omega(Q*), is to be precisely constructed from on a definition of SMIRC's algorithm. It can be interpreted as stating "SMIRC's algorithm cannot certify this statement." The robot has asserted that SMIRC never makes mistakes. If so, SMIRC's algorithm cannot certify the Goedel sentence, for that would make the statement false. But, if they can't certify it, what is says is true! Humans can understand it is true, but mighty SMIRC cannot certify it. The dialog ends melodramatically as the robot, apparently unhinged by this revelation, claims to be a messenger of god, and the human shuts it down with a secret control
Nair, R. (1991). Quantum physics and the philosophy of mind: An essay review. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 50.   (Google)
Nunn, C. M. H.; Clarke, Christopher J. S. & Blott, B. H. (1994). Collapse of a quantum field may affect brain function. Journal of Consciousness Studies 1:127-39.   (Cited by 8 | Google)
Nunn, C. M. H. (1996). On the geometry of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3:477-83.   (Google)
Penrose, Roger (1994). Is conscious awareness consistent with space-time descriptions? In Philosophy, Mathematics and Modern Physics. New York: Springer-Verlag.   (Google)
Penrose, Roger (1994). Shadows of the Mind. Oxford University Press.   (Cited by 1412 | Google | More links)
Penrose, Roger (1989). The Emperor's New Mind. Oxford University Press.   (Cited by 3 | Annotation | Google | More links)
Penrose, Roger (1997). The Large, the Small, and the Human Mind. Cambridge University Press.   (Cited by 129 | Google | More links)
Abstract: This book is a fascinating and accessible summary of Roger Penrose's current thinking on those areas of physics in which he feels there are major...
Pitkanen, M. (2001). Matter, mind and the quantum: A topological geometro-dynamics perspective. In P. Van Loocke (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins.   (Google)
Pockett, Susan (2002). Difficulties with the electromagnetic field theory of consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):51-56.   (Cited by 9 | Google)
Primas, Hans (2003). Between mind and matter. Mind and Matter 1 (1):81-119.   (Google | More links)
Abstract: This contribution explores Wolfgang Pauli's idea that mind and matter are complementary aspects of the same reality. We adopt the working hypothesis that there is an undivided timeless primordial reality (the primordial 'one world'). Breaking its symmetry, we obtain a contextual description of the holistic reality in terms of two categorically different domains, one tensed and the other tenseless. The tensed domain includes, in addition to tensed time, nonmaterial processes and mental events. The tenseless domain refers to matter and physical energy. This concept implies that mind cannot be reduced to matter, and that matter cannot be reduced to mind. The non-Boolean logical framework of modern quantum theory is general enough to implement this idea. Time is not taken to be an a priori concept, but an archetypal acausal order is assumed which can be represented by a one-parameter group of automorphisms, generating a time operator which parametrizes all processes, whether material or nonmaterial. The time-reversal symmetry is broken in the nonmaterial domain, resulting in a universal direction of time for the material domain as well
Pylkkanen, Paavo (2004). Can quantum analogies help us to understand the process of thought? In Gordon G. Globus, Karl H. Pribram & Giuseppe Vitiello (eds.), Brain and Being. John Benjamins.   (Cited by 1 | Google)
Romijn, Herms (2002). Are virtual photons the elementary carriers of consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (1):61-81.   (Cited by 6 | Google)
Rossler, Otto E. (1998). Is physics an observer-private phenomenon like consciousness? Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):443-453.   (Cited by 2 | Google)
Ross, Andrew (2005). Roads to reality: Penrose and Wolfram compared contenders. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):78-83.   (Cited by 1 | Google)
Abstract: Sir Roger Penrose, retired professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford and collaborator with Stephen Hawking on black hole theory, has written 'a complete guide to the laws of the universe' called The Road to Reality. His publisher calls it the most important and ambitious work of science for a generation. Penrose caused a furore in the world of consciousness studies with his 1989 book The Emperor's New Mind, which conjectured a new mechanism for consciousness and kept a faithful band of researchers busy for a decade with models based on microtubules and the like. Sadly, the idea fizzled out. The title of the 2002 Tucson 'Toward a Science of Consciousness' conference poetry slam winner was: Microtubules - my ass!
Schaefer, Lothar (2006). A response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and consciousness. Zygon 41 (3):573-582.   (Google)
Schäfer, Lothar (2006). A response to Ervin Laszlo: Quantum and consciousness. Zygon 41 (3):573-582.   (Google)
Schäfer, Lothar (2006). A response to Carl Helrich: The limitations and promise of quantum theory. Zygon 41 (3):583-591.   (Google)
Schafer, Lothar (2006). Quantum reality and the consciousness of the universe - quantum reality, the emergence of complex order from virtual states, and the importance of consciousness in the universe. Zygon 41 (3):505-532.   (Google)
Schäfer, Lothar (2006). Quantum reality, the emergence of complex order from virtual states, and the importance of consciousness in the universe. Zygon 41 (3):505-532.   (Google)
Snyder, Douglas M. (1983). On the nature of relationships involving the observer and the observed phenomenon in psychology and physics. Journal of Mind and Behavior 4:389-400.   (Cited by 3 | Google)
Squires, Euan J. (1990). Conscious Mind in the Physical World. Adam Hilger.   (Cited by 35 | Google | More links)
Abstract: The book explores philosophical issues such as idealism and free will and speculates on the relationship of consciousness to quantum mechanics.
Vimal, Ram Lakhan Pandey (2009). Towards a Theory of Everything: Unification of Consciousness with Fundamental Forces in Theories of Physics. Vision Research Institute: Living Vision and Consciousness Research 1 (2).   (Google)
Abstract: Theory of everything must include consciousness. In this article, we focus on the subjective experiences component of consciousness. In Vimal (J Integrative Neuroscience, 2008: 7(1), 49-73), it was hypothesized that fundamental entities (strings or elementary particles: fermions and bosons) have two aspects: (i) material aspect such as mass, charge, spin, and space-time, and (ii) mental aspect, such as experiences. There are three competing hypotheses: superposition based H1, superposition-then-integration based H2, and integration based H3 where superposition is not required. In H1, the fundamental entities and inert matter are the carriers of superimposed fundamental subjective experiences (SEs)/proto-experiences (PEs). In H2, the fundamental entities and inert matter are the carriers of superimposed fundamental PEs (not SEs), which are integrated by neural-Darwinism (co-evolution, co-development, and sensorimotor co-tuning by the evolutionary process of adaptation and natural selection). There is a PE attached to every level of evolution (such as atomic-PE, molecular-PE, … genetic-PE, … bacterium-PE, … neural-PE, and neural-net-PE). In H3, a string has its own string-PE; a matter is not a carrier of PE(s) in superposed form as it is in H2, rather matter is a proto-experiential entity and has two aspects at every level; H3 is a dual-aspect panpsychism. These two aspects are rigorously integrated together by neural-Darwinism. One could argue for H3 that the PE keeps on transforming appropriately as matter evolves from elementary particles to atoms to molecules to eventually neural-networks. For example, when long wavelength light is presented to the V4/V8/VO neural-network, the neural-net PE takes the form of SE redness, in analogy to water takes the shape and color of the container. However, one has to unpack this mystery. In H1, a specific SE arises in a neural-net as follows: (i) there exist a virtual reservoir that stores all possible fundamental SEs/PEs, (ii) the interaction of stimulus-dependent feed-forward and feedback signals in the neural-net creates a specific neural-net state, (iii) this specific state is assigned to a specific SE from the virtual reservoir during neural Darwinism, (iv) this specific SE is embedded as a memory trace of neural-net-PE, and (v) when a specific stimulus is presented to the neural-net, the associated specific SE is selected by the matching and selection process and experienced by this net. In hypotheses H2 and H3, a specific SE emerges in a neural-net from the interaction of its constituent neural-PEs, such as in feed-forward stimulus-dependent neural signals and fronto-parietal feedback attentional signals, in analogy to water emerges from the interaction of hydrogen and oxygen. In all hypotheses, SEs occur when essential ingredients of SEs (such as wakefulness, attention, re-entry, working memory, stimulus at or above threshold level, and neural-net-PEs) are satisfied. We found that the followings in physics are invariant under the PE-SE transformation: Schrödinger equation, current, Dirac Lagrangian, electromagnetic strength tensor, electromagnetic stress-energy tensor, the Lagrangian for free gauge field, the Lagrangian for a charged self–interacting scalar field, electromagnetic theory (Maxwell's equations), Standard Model, Lagrangian for the electromagnetic interaction of a charged scalar field (Higgs Mechanism), Newtonian gravitational potential and field, special theory of Relativity and Lorentz transformation, geodesic equation, general theory of relativity and gravitational field, the metric gmn, Ricci curvature tensor Rmn, Ricci scalar curvature R, the cosmological constant L, the stress-energy tensor Tmn, the PE-SE transformation, Loop Quantum Gravity, and string theory. For H1 and H2, we quantitatively introduced the superposition of experiences (SEs/PEs) in the mental aspect of bosonic and fermionic strings using the Polyakov action. We conclude that experiences are independent of the time-like and space-like parameters (t,s). This is interpreted as a string is dual-aspect entity and all fundamental SEs/PEs superposed in the mental aspect of the string remains invariant with time and space. The introduction of mental aspect in this manner suggests that the mental aspect of string could be in all dimensions: both (3+1)D real dimensions and also in the hidden dimensions that are compactified (curled up). In addition, the Neumann and Dirichlet boundary conditions were also satisfied. These led us to conclude that the material aspect of the behavior of system in string theory remains invariant under the introduction of experiences in the mental aspect of strings as a function of experiences. For hypothesis H3, the equations of string theory remain the same; we simply need to acknowledge that a string has dual-aspect; its mental aspect is string-PE. We concluded that it is possible to unify consciousness with all four fundamental material forces by the introduction of (i) SEs/PEs (as in H1) or PEs (as in H2) in superposed form in bosonic and fermionic strings or (ii) the bosonic-string-PE and fermionic-string-PE based on integration principle (as in H3). This leads us towards the theory of everything.
van Loocke, Philip (ed.) (2001). The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins.   (Google)
Abstract: Consciousness ... The Physical Nature of Consciousness Edited by Philip Van Loocke.
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