Featured White Papers
- Don't miss this enterprise mobility Webcast! (TechRepublic)
- Fax software and fax services: Making the best choice (Esker)
- Enterprise PBX comparison guide (VoIP-News)
Rumours of angels: a legend of the First World War
The author wishes to acknowledge the British Academy who provided the small grant that made this research possible. I also wish to thank friends and colleagues who provided assistance, advice and additional references, in particular Kevin McClure, Hilary Evans, the Society for Psychical Research, the Imperial War Museum, the York and Lancashire Regimental Museum, Granville Oldroyd, Andy Roberts, Lyn Macdonald, Dr Vanessa Toulmin, and Dr Gillian Bennett.
Angels at Mons: An Authentic Account of the Marvellous Deliverance of Our Troops from the Germans. London: J. Cordle and Co., 1915.
Begbie, Harold. On the Side of the Angels. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1915.
Bewley, Geoffrey. "Legion of the Damned." Fortean Times 94 (1997):30-1.
Campbell, Phyllis. Back of the Front. London: George Newnes, 1915.
Carlew, Tim. Wipers. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1974.
Charteris, Brigadier-General John. At G.H.Q. London: Cassell, 1931.
Clarke, David. "Scareships over Britain." In Fortean Studies, ed. Steve Moore. 6:39-64. London: John Brown Publishing, 1999.
Evans, Hilary. Visions--Apparition--Alien Visitors. Wellingborough: Aquarian Press, 1984.
Fussell, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. London: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Harlow, John. "Angel of Trenches Exposed as a Writer's Flight of Fancy." The Sunday Times (26 January 1997):9.
Harris, Melvin. "The Angels Take a Bow." In The Unexplained, ed. Peter Brookesmith. 12:2826-9, 12:2846-9 and 13:2894-7. London: Orbis, 1982.
Hayward, Lilian. "Correspondence." Folklore 55 (1944):48.
Hole, Christina. Saints In Folklore. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1965.
Imperial War Museum. The Angels of Mons. Information Sheet, no. 24, Booklist no. 1256A. London: Imperial War Museum, undated.
McClure, Kevin. Visions of Angels and Tales of Bowmen. Harrogate: K. McClure, 1994.
Machen, Arthur. "The Bowmen." London Evening News (29 September 1914):3.
Machen, Arthur. The Bowmen and Other Legends of the War. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton and Kent, 1915.
Machen, Arthur. "The True Story of `The Angels of Mons'." In The Great War--I Was There, ed. Sir John Hammerton. 2:86-7. London: Amalgamated Press, 1938.
Machen, Arthur. Tales of Horror and the Supernatural. London: The Richards Press, 1949. Malpas, Harold A. "Those Angels." Daily Mirror (14 October 1954):12.
Reynolds, Aiden and William Charlton. Arthur Machen: A Short Account of His Life and Work. London: Richards Press, 1963.
Richards, Frank. Old Soldiers Never Die. London: Faber, 1964.
Shirley, Ralph. The Angel Warriors at Mons: An Authentic Record. London: Newspaper Publicity Co., 1915.
Simpson, Jacqueline and Steve Roud. A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Stuart, Rosa. Dreams and Visions of the War. London: C. Arthur Pearson Ltd., 1917.
Taylor, A. J. P. The First World War: An Illustrated History. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966.