THE "E.T. MYTH" VS. THE "NAZI LEGEND": AN EXAMINATION OF
SOME MJ-12 DOCUMENTS
"Worse, the fact that this craft
and other flying saucers had been surveilling our defensive
installations and even seemed to to evidence a technology we'd seen
evidenced by the Nazis caused the military to assume these flying
saucers had hostile intentions and might have even interfered in human
events during the war."
"At the very least, Twining had
suggested, the crescent-shaped craft looked so uncomfortably like the
German Horten wings our flyers had seen at the end of the war that he
had to suspect the Germans had bumped into something we didn't know
about. And his conversations with Wernher von Braun and Willy Ley at
Alamogordo in the days after the crash confirmed this. They didn't want
to be thought of as verrukt but intimated that there was a deeper story
about what the Germans had engineered. "
Col. Philip J. Corso, (Ret.),
The Day After Roswell 1
1 Col. Philip J. Corso, (Ret.)
with William J. Birnes, The Day After Roswell (New
York: Pocket Books, 1997), pp. 4, 73.
A. Introductory Remarks
In these final chapters I propose to offer a
different interpretation of two famous UFO "crash and recovery" cases than
is the standard in the UFOlogy community, as a speculative corroboration
of the thesis that somewhere, someone was continuing the line of very
secret black projects the Nazis had initiated. The two famous cases are
the 1947 Roswell crash, and the 1965 Kecksburg, Pennsylvania crash. These
speculative reinterpretations of these two events are impelled, in part,
by the momentum of the evidence thus far presented, and in part by the two
remarkable statements made by Colonel in his well-known book,
The Day After Roswell.
Indeed, these statements of Corso,
coming as they do in a book whose main thesis is the seeding of recovered
"alien" (i.e., extraterrestrial, and not "foreign") technology into
American industry, are for that very reason all the more remarkable, and
they seem to invite such a reinterpretation. But what exactly is the ET
myth of the UFO? To examine it, one must place it within the multitude of
hypotheses that attempt to explain the genuine UFO phenomenon:
(1) The phenomenon represents a spiritual
deception by demons of the human race;
(2) The phenomenon represents a life form
from higher dimensions, or perhaps a life form composed directly of
electromagnetic energy or even plasmas;2
(3) The phenomenon represents intelligently
controlled real physical spacecraft from other planets, usually with
the tacit understanding that these are the craft form planets of other
solar systems, and that the craft have thus traveled a minimum of four
light years to visit earth, since the closest neighboring star is four
light years away;
(4) The phenomenon is terrestrial and human
in origin (usually with the added condition that they are government
black projects back-engineered from captured or crashed
extraterrestrial craft, and sometimes in conjunction with the
hypothesis that the "visitors" are humans from our own future).
It is a generally established fact that the
bulk of UFO sightings that are considered genuine are usually interpreted
in UFOlogy by the fourth hypothesis, with numbers two and three following
not far behind. This is particularly the case with the Roswell and
The well-known quantum and plasma physicist
David Bohm, for example, came to the conclusion that some of the
plasmas with which he experimented in his early career exhibited the sort
of self-organizing properties that one normally ascribes to life. Bohm
ended his plasma experiments at that point.
It is consequently fair to say that an "ET
Myth" or perhaps better, an "ET paradigm" has grown around the phenomenon
to such an extent that any serious study or contemplation of the
possibility of a terrestrial human origin and explanation for these events
is seldom considered seriously. And the US Air Force's own ridiculous
explanations of Roswell - from weather balloons, crashed Japanese bamboo
balloon-bombs, and Project Mogul balloons designed to monitor
Soviet nuclear tests (which in any case were not to begin until two years
later) - have only added fuel to the ET Myth as the regnant paradigm by
which to interpret these two signal events.
By designating this interpretative framework by
the term "ET Myth" I do not, however, wish to imply that there is no basis
in solid research or rational conjecture for it. I use the term "myth"
here not in the contemporary sense of implying something "unreal" but in
its classic sense as an all-encompassing paradigm by which an unusual
phenomenon, in this case flying saucers, tends to be interpreted even by
the best, most objective, and scrupulous researchers.3
3 I would certainly include UFOlogists such
as Don Berliner, Stanton Friedman, Timothy Good, and Nick Pope in this
Yet there is another "myth" of the flying
saucer phenomenon, the one that we have been examining in the past few
chapters of this book. And once one admits into the discussion a possible
terrestrial origin and explanation for the phenomenon, one will inevitably
have to deal with this other myth and its historical origins in World War
B. The Similarity of Evidence for Roswell and the
As noted at various points throughout this
book, the "Legend" of a Nazi origin of many wartime and postwar UFO
reports received a big "credibility boost" when a researcher and reporter
for the prestigious Jane's Defense Weekly, British reporter Nick
Cook, wrote a book on anti-gravity and quantum zero point energy
research called The Hunt for Zero Point. The "credibility boost"
that Cook's book gave to this Nazi Legend might even be seen as analogous
to the "credibility boost" that Colonel Corso's book gave to the Roswell
crash and the ET interpretation of it.
Cook's book, like Corso's in some respects, is
a personal chronicle, summarizing in anecdotal fashion his own personal
research into American anti-gravity projects - a "hunt" as he calls
it-that quickly led him to a very unsuspected source: Nazi Germany.
Recounting how many of the best reports of "foo fighters" or UFOs during
the war were submitted by the 415th Night Fighter Squadron, and occurred
in a triangle over southern Germany from Frankfurt-am-Main, Metz, and
Strasbourg in the year 1944.
Cook then recounts his discovery of the book
that gave birth to the Legend, German Major Rudolf Lusar's
German Secret Weapons of World War Two:
Seeking clues to the foo-fighter mystery, I
discovered a copy in the reading room of the Imperial War Museum. In it,
Lusar described in meticulous detail, in language that often made the
depths of his bitterness clear, the technical achievements of 'a small,
industrious and honest nation which lost the war.'
Secret Weapons made somber reading. Although
German technical achievements were visible in developments such as the
V-l flying bomb, a direct forerunner of the modern-day cruise missile,
and the V-2 ballistic missile, it was the vast extent of Germany's
underpinning technology base, as revealed by Lusar, which showed
just how far ahead of the Allies the Nazis had been in certain key
Jet engines, rocket engines, infrared and
thermal-imaging systems, proximity fuses, missiles guidance seekers....
technologies that are integral to most modern aircraft and airborne
weapon systems were all listed and described. In the late 1950s, when
Lusar's book first appeared, these technologies were still in their
infancy in Britain and America.
Yet the Germans had been working on them a
decade and a half earlier.
But there was another side to the book, one
which was so sensational that immediately on its appearance it had set
alarm bells ringing in Washington.
This side of the book related to so-called
German 'wonder- weapons' beyond the V-l and V-2.... Other esoteric
developments detailed by Lusar showed that the Germans had been
working on bringing down Allied aircraft with sound waves, air vortices,
intensely focused beams of light and jets of compressed air.
In 1958, the US Air Force commissioned a
'special studies group' within Air Force Intelligence headed by an
Austrian-born technical consultant called Dr Stefan Possony to
carry out a detailed appraisal of Lusar's book. The research effort was
branded 'secret' and has only recently come to light....
A section in Lusar's book was devoted to
'flying saucers' which he asserted, in no uncertain terms, were the
product of German wartime inventors. 'Experts and collaborators in this
work confirm that the first projects, called "flying disks", were
undertaken in 1941,' Lusar wrote. He even went on to name the key
individuals involved. These were 'the German experts Schriever,
Habermohl, and Miethe, and the Italian
Cook's thesis is one that will guide our
examination of some of the Majic-12 or Majestic-12 documents in this
chapter, with a view to explicating a possible underlying "German"
connection to the Roswell crash and cover-up:
Make the link between Germany and the flying
saucer and here was an opportunity to solve not only the anti-gravity
propulsion riddle, but, in the process, perhaps, one of the most
baffling mysteries of the 20th century: the origins of the UFO.... The
flying disc must have exhibited performance so in advance of its time
that it had been super-classified, then hidden in plain sight - behind
the UFO myth - for the best part of 60 years.5
However, as Cook quickly discovered, the
Nazi Legend has a significant problem: Lusar mentioned four names,
but other than these four names, the testimony for the Legend, until very
recently, was based almost completely on hearsay.6 There were no declassified documents
in the 1950s and 1960s to back up Lusar's incredible story. Indeed, it was
only with German reunification and the subsequent "declassification spree"
that it prompted that corroborating documentation finally became
available, and in sufficient quantity and quality to constitute a solid
prima facie case.
4 Nick cook, op. cit., p.
5 Ibid., pp.
46-47, emphasis added.
6 Ibid., p. 47.
It is this fact, that the trail into the Legend
seems to lead nowhere and yet everywhere at one and the same time, that is
the main reason it is so seldom pursued by serious UFO researchers, most
of whom simply laugh it off when confronted with it, especially in the
North American UFOlogy community.
But the problem with the Nazi Legend is
really not with its early uncorroborated hearsay testimony, nor even with
its then quite unsubstantiated claims in the postwar West German
media.7 The problem was not
really with the second-hand or hearsay testimony of a few dead men and a
few odd documents claiming a secret provenance deep within the black
projects of the Waffen SS.
The problem is that the same basic type of
evidence exists for the Roswell incident of the alleged crash of a flying
saucer. Beyond the fact that there were a few primary source witnesses -
Mac Brazzel, Jesse Marcel, Walter Haut and so on -
that researchers such as William Moore, Charles Berlitz and
Stanton Friedman were able to interview personally, there are a
whole host of secondary testimonies to the event that have surfaced since
then. In this very general respect, the dynamics of the Roswell ET Myth
and the Nazi UFO Legend are remarkably similar.
And like the Nazi Legend, classified documents
showed up to corroborate the story, only this time, the documents were not
declassified, but rather, apparently leaked to the UFOlogy community.
These are, of course, the now famous (or depending on one's lights,
infamous) MJ-12, or Majestic-12, or Majic-12
documents, the primary focus of this chapter.
In the pro-UFO community, much fanfare has been
made over the years about the "dozens" or even "hundreds" of eyewitnesses
to the alleged UFO crash near Roswell....
In the pro-UFO book The Truth About the UFO
Crash at Roswell, Kevin Randle and Donald Schmitt note
the fact that Bill Moore
8 interviewed "more than seventy witnesses who had some
knowledge of the (Roswell UFO crash) event." Indeed, both Friedman and
Moore, around the time of the initial publication of the Roswell Incident
in 1980, boasted that they had interviewed more then "ninety witnesses."
7 Ibid., p. 47. Rudolf Schriever was the first to recount for the
West German media, in the 1950s, the work he had done for the Heinkel
company in 1940-1941 on flying disk aerodynes.
8 Co-author, with Charles Berlitz, of the first thorough account of
the Roswell crash, The Roswell Incident.
While these double digit figures are certainly
accurate, the presentation of such a seemingly impressive number of
witnesses by themselves, without qualifications, is misleading. The
relevant issue is not how many witnesses were interviewed, but rather what
type of witnesses (i.e., firsthand, secondhand, etc.) these people are and
how truthful and accurate their statements are.
Unfortunately, a careful reading of Moore
and Berlitz's Roswell Incident reveals that despite the impressive
claim of having "interviewed more than seventy witnesses," the testimonies
of just twenty-five people are presented. Out of these twenty-five, only
seven of them are firsthand sources who claim to have seen the alleged
saucer debris, and one of these accounts is suspect. Of these seven
people, however, only five of them claim to have actually handled the
material personally, and one of them is adamant that it was not from an
9 Kal K. Korff, The Roswell UFO Crash, pp.
Researcher interviews of a few primary source
"eyewitnesses": this much the Roswell ET Myth and the Nazi UFO
Legend have in common. The problem thus posed by the mere existence of
the Nazi Legend in this context is therefore very significant: Why does
one event form such a stable and consistent foundation in the
historiography of the ET-UFO Mythos, and why is the other hypothesis so
consistently avoided by the same community, when in general, both the ET
explanation of the Roswell incident, and the Nazi UFO Legend are based
upon not only the same types of evidence, but initially, the same
approximate quantity of evidence? Put differently, why is the ET Myth so
predominant in all "unofficial" explanations of the Roswell crash, and the
hypothesis of a terrestrially-originated though exotic technology as an
explanation consistently avoided?
The answer I believe, lies in some
peculiarities of the Majic-12 documents themselves.
C. The Majic-12 Documents: The ET Myth vs the Nazi
The Majic-12 documents are well-known in
UFOlogy circles, and a controversy has ensued over their genuineness and
authenticity, or lack thereof. The documents themselves purport to be
highly classified top secret memoranda, studies, and so on, concerning the
Roswell crash and its aftermath: the establishment of a deep cover, highly
classified UFO retrieval, back-engineering, and study group composed of
top civilian and military leaders with a large black projects budget. The
documents, complete with many blacked out areas - represented by strings
of question marks "?????" in the quotations which follow - were leaked to
the public in two different sets.
As well known and respected UFOlogist
Stanton Friedman put it, the first set of documents arrived in
December of 1984, quite literally "on Jaimie Shandera's
a film director, had contacted Friedman about the possibility of doing a
fictional movie concerning UFOs, wanting Friedman to be a consultant for
10 Stanton Friedman, Top Secret/Majic (New
York: Marlowe and Company, 1996), p. 20.
Then, in December 1984, the Majestic-12
documents showed up on Jaimie Shandera'a doorstep.
To be more exact, a roll of undeveloped
black-and-white 35mm film came in the mail to Shandera's home in Burbank
in a double- wrapped plain brown envelope with no return address and an
Albuquerque, New Mexico postmark. Why was it sent to Jaimie? One
possibility is that it was well-known that Shandera had been working
closely with Bill Moore and myself on the Roswell crash story, and that
together with Bill, had had many contacts with insiders, some of whom were
connected with OSI in Albuquerque.
Bill and Jaime's meetings with Agent
Doty and others had left them with the impression that these
insiders were interested in having the facts about flying saucers released
to the public, in a manner that would protect their identity and their
status. But we may never know.
After Bill and Jaime developed the film, they
called me. What they found on the film were duplicate sets of eight pages
of documents that were classified TOP SECRET/MAJIC, with a title
page declaring "
Briefing Document: Operation Majestic 12 prepared for
President Elect Dwight D. Eisenhower: (Eyes Only) 18 November,
1952." The second page listed the members of the Majestic-12
group, all of whom were dead....
Incredible as it sounded, the documents on this
film dealt with the New Mexico crashes as well as with the government's
efforts to keep them secret. According to the briefing, the wreckage of a
crashed saucer was recovered by the U.S. government 75 miles northwest of
Roswell in early July 1947. Four small alien bodies, apparently ejected
from the vehicle, were found two miles east of the main wreckage site. The
government took into its possession the wreckage and the bodies for
careful study and evaluation, and in September 1947, officially
established Operation Majestic-12 as
a "top secret Research and Development/Intelligence operation responsible
directly and only to the President of the United States."11
Friedman, as any serious investigator would,
approached the question of the authenticity of the document cautiously.
There were, as he saw it, three possible
explanations of the document, if indeed it was legitimate, and if indeed
it was genuinely leaked. The documents could be:
(1) legitimate in the sense of genuinely
originating from the military-intelligence community, but they could
have been composed or intended to be disinformation or a hoax in some
elaborate psychological warfare operation;12
(2) legitimate in the sense that they might
"contain some truth mixed with some phony material;"13
(3) could be "Plain straight
11 Friedman, op. cit., pp. 20-21.
12Ibid., p. 22. Friedman actually states it differently: "First,
the entire roll of film could be disinformation or a hoax."
13Ibid., p. 23.
Most of the controversy within the UFOlogical
community has centered on options (1) and (3), between those who maintain
that they are a simple hoax or part of some disinformation operation, and
those who believe that they are 'plain straight legitimate."15 Friedman's own case for the
authenticity of the "Eisenhower Briefing Document" is thorough and
Then, as Friedman, Moore, and Shandera were
investigating the Eisenhower Briefing Document, a second set of
purported Majic-12 top secret documents were leaked, this time to
UFOlogist Don Berliner, and a mystified man in California named
Timothy Cooper. In March of 1994, Don Berliner, like Jaime Shandera
ten years earlier, received a roll of undeveloped Tri-X film in his mail
box. The film contained what was allegedly the actual operations manual
for UFO recovery teams called the "Special Operations Manual."
But the most sensational Majic-12 documents are
doubtless those leaked to Timothy Cooper, the so-called "Cooper-Cantwheel Majic-12"
documents. Cooper, who had grown up near the White Sands
Missile range, had become interested in the subject of UFOs and secret
missile research as a youth when someone shared information about UFOs
with him. His curiosity piqued, he began research on the top secret
facility by filing FOIA requests, assembling a large and thorough
collection of government documents. Then in 1992, Cooper began
receiving photocopied Majic-12 documents in his mail box from a man
calling himself "Thomas Cantwheel."16
16 Dr. Robert M. and Ryan S. Wood, The
Secret: Evidence that We Are Not Alone (DVD disk, 1988); Dr. Robert M. and
Ryan S. Wood: The Majestic Documents (Redwoord City, California: Wood and
Wood Enterprises, 1998), p.1. The latter book is simply a reproduction of
the document copies received by Cooper, along with a parallel typescript
text of the documents for ease of reading, since in many cases the quality
of the copies is degraded, making reading of the original document
Friedman falls into the group arguing
for option three:
"Based on my detailed study and investigation
of the overall UFO phenomenon beginning in 1958, I am equally certain
(1) some UFOs are intelligently controlled extraterrestrial
(2) the subject of flying saucers represents a kind of cosmic
Watergate, wherein a relatively small group of people in government have
known about the visitors for many years;
(3) none of the anti-UFO arguments made by a small but vocal
group of debunkers stand up under scrutiny; and
(4) visits by extraterrestrial space vehicles and the successful
50- year coverup of the best evidence (alien bodies and wreckage) is the
biggest story of the millennium."
Cooper contacted Friedman, who
was not only well-known in UFOlogy, but by that time well established as
an expert on the authenticity issues of the first Majic-12 document, the
so-called "Eisenhower Briefing" document. Friedman, living now in Nova
Scotia, put Cooper in contact with Robert and Ryan Wood, two associates
with some expertise in document authentication. Again Wood and Wood argued
quite persuasively for the authenticity of the documents, but again,
following option (3), they argued that the documents are "plain straight
Two of the Cantwheel Majic-12 documents have
become focal points of UFOlogy interest, and for good reason: The "White
Hot Intelligence Estimate" of Air Force General Nathan Twining, and the
"Majestic Twelve Project First Annual Report." These are the documents
that contain actual technical descriptions of the alleged crashed alien
craft recovered at Roswell, along with recommendations on what to do about
Accordingly, we shall accept the arguments of
Robert and Ryan Wood and their exhaustive process of
document authentication, and assume that the documents are legitimate, and
using internal indications and inconsistencies, we shall argue that these
two documents are best interpreted as containing part truth, and part
deliberate deception, and that both of these elements point possibly,
though nowhere near conclusively, to a terrestrial, and German, origin for
the exotic craft that crashed in New Mexico in 1947, and that this is the
element that is the ultimate objective of the cover-up, as alluded to by
Colonel Corso's statements that form the epigrams to this chapter.
The methodology will be that already hinted at
by Corso's statements, and more completely outlined by Nick Cook:
Make the link between Germany and the flying
saucer and here was an opportunity to solve not only the anti-gravity
propulsion riddle, but, in the process, perhaps, one of the most
baffling mysteries of the 20th century: the origins of the UFO.... The
flying disc must have exhibited performance so in advance of its time
that it had been super-classified, then hidden in plain sight -behind
the UFO myth -for the best part of 60 years.17
17 Cook, op. cit., pp. 46-47.
In brief, I shall argue that there are two
levels at work in the Majic-12, "White Hot Intelligence Estimate" and the
"First Annual Report" documents:
(1) A genuine level, in which the technical
aspects of the recovered technology are summarized. As will be
indicated, there are glaring discrepancies between these descriptions,
and a presumption of an extraterrestrial origin, for the recovered
technology. Conversely, as will be shown, there are detailed parallels
between the descriptions of the recovered technology of the Roswell
crash, and the already examined secret weapons black projects of Nazi
Germany covered in the previous part of this book;
(2) A level of disinformation, where the
emerging "ET explanation" forms a final deep cover layer of
disinformation behind the public explanations of crashed weather or
Project Mogul balloons.
The resulting clash of these two emphases
constitutes one basis for those who would wish to challenge the
authenticity of the documents, which they most certainly are.
1. The "White Hot Intelligence Estimate "
of General Nathan Twining
The "White Hot Intelligence
Estimate" is actually the first part of a Majic-12 document
called "Mission Assessment of Recovered Lenticular Aerodyne Objects
and Implications in ??????AR??".18 This document is the second
examination of the crashed vehicles - note the plural - describing some
aspects of the technology retrieved and analyzed by the military after
the Roswell incident.
18 Wood and Wood, The Majestic Documents,
p. 63. The strings of question marks correspond to the blacked-out areas
of the original photocopies.
Besides the standard authenticating features
thoroughly investigated by Wood and Wood - typeface comparisons,
document style manual and orthography and so on - all of which is
strongly in favor of authenticity, there are a number of internal
descriptions that do not make sense if the recovered object were of
extraterrestrial origin and interplanetary travel capability. That is,
the best explanation of this particular document seems to lie not with
Friedman's options (1) or (3), but with option (2), that they contain
some truth mixed with phony or deliberately distorted material.
As will be seen as we proceed, a disturbing
hypothetical scenario begins to emerge if one examines this document not
from the interpretive paradigm of the ET Myth (option (3)), but from the
perspective of the Nazi Legend (and option (2)). In arguing for this
latter interpretation of the document, we shall focus on three key
(a) Odd language of a general nature
describing the UFO phenomenon and areas and types of activity as
they were then known;
(b) incongruous technical language that
describes something simultaneously both very advanced, and yet very
(c) ambiguous language reflecting perhaps
an amount of indecision or hesitation concerning the nature of what
was recovered, and what to do about it.
With these thoughts in mind, we begin by
noting the first and most obvious point: both the Roswell crash and Admiral Byrd's Operation
Highjump, with the admiral's astounding statement in the
South American Chilean El Mercurio, occur in the same year, within a few
months of each other.
(a) Odd Language of a General Nature
Describing the UFO Phenomenon and Its Area and Types of Activity
After a brief history of the postwar UFO
phenomenon, beginning with Kenneth Arnold's June 1947 sighting, the
document then points out the apparent interest of "ET" in our military
"Numerous sightings over military
installations in the state of New Mexico were investigated by Army and
Navy intelligence officers."19
The report also mentions sightings in "Sweden
and Germany, Holland, Paraguay, Scandinavia, Greece, by ships at
19 Ibid., p. 65, par. 5.
20 Ibid.,, p. 65, par. 6.
A typical explanation from the ET paradigm is
that UFOs began to exhibit an interest in our military installations and
increased their monitoring activities of the human race after it had
mastered nuclear energy and weaponized it in the atom bomb, possibly
fearing that we might venture into outer space and bringing our warlike
habits and weapons of mass destruction with us. As an explanation of
"their" then evident "observe but do not contact" behavior, this is
plausible. We were being surveilled, if not reconnoitered. But such
behavior in itself means nothing, for such patterns could equally
describe monitoring and surveilling operations of wholly terrestrial but
Note also the curious wording of paragraph 6:
"Sweden and Germany....Scandinavia." Why the redundancy? A possible
explanation, though one not indicated by the document itself, is that
two different types of phenomena might be being referred to. However,
"Sweden and Germany, Holland, Paraguay, Scandinavia, Greece" and "ships
at sea" would not seem to be of the same interest to "ET' if the purpose
of the monitoring activity was, as some like Friedman have suggested, to
measure human progress in atomic energy applications and weapons. This
vague inconsistency then becomes more acute once attention is focused on
the technical descriptions of the document.
(b) Technical Language that Describes
Something Simultaneously both Very Advanced, yet Very Commonplace
Perhaps the best evidence that the document
should be interpreted as being both genuine and yet containing "phony"
or "faked" elements concerns the technical descriptions and references.
For example, immediately after the odd reference to sightings in Sweden
and Germany and then "Scandinavia", the document then goes on to record
t h e "extraordinary capabilities" of the recovered craft:
Of the 1,200 sighting reports collect (sic)
since 1942 approximately 200 incidents have proven to be unknown craft
operation (sic) at speeds in excess of 1200 MPH and at times attaining
altitudes up to ?? miles or more above the earth. A comparison was
made with Swedish Defense officials of the reported operating ?????? a
sec? intelligence liaison official????? Continuing views of restricted
air space over sensitive Swedish military base has not indicated any
direct ??????????? tangible evidence thus far that would suggest ?????
are the ????????.21
21 Ibid., pp. 65-66, par. 7, emphasis
While speeds of 1,200 MPH were indeed
extraordinary for any aircraft of the day (and even today), and hence
noteworthy enough to be noted in the document, and while performance
characteristics that enabled these craft to achieve altitudes of some
unknown number of miles above the earth were likewise equally if not
more extraordinary, the important point to notice is that such speeds
are certainly not the extreme characteristics that one would expect of a
product of an advanced "ET" civilization with interstellar, or even
interplanetary capability limited to our own solar system.
To put it succinctly, the performance
characteristics described are not advanced enough to be extraterrestrial
Note that if the craft's speed were in the
area of a mere 1,200 MPH, as this portion of the document states, then
the use of such a craft for interplanetary exploration would seem to be
absurd in the extreme, particularly if it is maintained that these craft
originated from outside our solar system, which is the presumption
implicit with every "ET" interpretation of the Roswell event. If one
conceded top speeds of even ten thousand miles per hour for the craft,
then a trip to Mars, our closest planetary neighbor at approximately
36,000,000 miles from the earth, would take 150 days.
At a mere 1,200 miles per hour, however, a
journey to Mars would take about 1250 days, or almost three and a half
years, and neither of these figures is even factoring in the positions
of the planets at any given moment of their orbital periods around the
sun nor the curved trajectory such craft would have to follow between
the two planets! As will be obvious, however, such performance
characteristics are within the performance capabilities suggested by the
advanced German aircraft technologies being developed by Kammler's
When one thus turns to the actual first part
of the document after this historical overview, the technological
ambiguity is only increased, rather than assuaged. The first part of
this detailed technical assessment is called "Project White Hot
Intelligence Estimate (Preliminary)."
Here it is necessary to cite the document at
LANDING ZONE NO. 1
Socorro, New Mexico -The unidentified
lenticular-shaped aerodyne which has been designated ULAT-1, has been
evaluated as a non-air breathing aircraft of unknown origin. Totally
lacking conventional wing, fuselage, nacelle, control, and fuel
systems strongly indicates it is not Russian. Consultation with
Paperclip specialists concur. Aerodynamic features exhibited in ULAT-1
represent a very high degree of engineering and sophistication not
seen in this country. Dimensional homogeneity study cannot explain how
this craft sustains load and lift factors necessary for flight.
The power plant does not resemble any
conventional type now in use. Lacking any discernible intake or
exhaust features, it is the opinion of AMC and ONR that this craft was
designed to operate outside of the earth's atmosphere. The
unconventional conclusions reached by members of this fact-finding
mission remain tentative at this time. Some members expressed the view
that ULAT-1 may be the product of an advanced culture from another
planet that is much older than ours and has utilized the science and
intellect for interplanetary space travel.
It is not precisely known if the occupants
purposely had the objective of exploration out of curiosity or with
the intent of surveying for other reasons. So far, no hostile intent
has been observed since they made their presence known. Given the fact
that our atomic bomb tests, atmospheric exploration with rockets, and
????????ed in New Mexico, could have precipitated the events that led
to the incident and subsequent actions taken by the military.
Operating under the assumption that the
fallen object was a long- range Russian reconnaissance platform
collecting aerial photographic intelligence data, military intelligence
personnel were instructed to secure the craft, debris and the occupants
as rapidly as possible. Concerns over possible exposure to civilians of
known biological and chemical agents dictated the quarantine measures
taken. Radiation hazards were assumed and appropriate protective measure
were taken as well.
In the interest of National Security
priorities it was necessary to detain civilian witnesses for
interrogation to satisfy intelligence requirements, and quash rumors
that could alert potential espionage agents known to be in the vicinity.
Several bodies were discovered. Because
on-site medical personnel were unsure of the physiological and
biological make-up of the occupants, special preparations and
preservation methods were employed Autopsy information obtained so far
suggests that the occupants mimic the features associated with
Orientals. Outwardly they appear human-like with but
one exception: autopsy notes mention a rarely observed ??????s present
which supports the premise that these beings originate from another
22 Ibid., pp. 67-68, emphasis
There are two sets of factors in this
quotation that, taken separately, seem to argue persuasively that one is
dealing with an extremely advanced but nonetheless very terrestrial
phenomenon, or that, conversely, argue persuasively that one is dealing
with a very advanced extraterrestrial phenomenon, but that taken
together present an ambiguous and puzzling picture. It is their
occurrence in the same context, without apparent analysis or attempt to
resolve the ambiguity, that requires interpretation and explanation.
Note first of all that, at this stage of the
"preliminary investigation" the origins of the craft remain, in its own
word, "unknown." But a little later on the document indicates that there
was apparently some internal dissention in the preliminary study group:
"Some members expressed the view that ULAT-1 may be the product of an
advanced culture from another planet..." In other words, there appears
to have been genuine indecision and hesitancy on where to attribute the
origin of the craft.
This tends to be an internal corroboration
and consistency with what we have already observed above regarding the
recovered technology and the craft's performance characteristics, for
apparently the recovered technology, considered as a factor in and of
itself, is not sufficiently advanced enough to argue on its own basis
for an extraterrestrial origin. What does argue for the extraterrestrial
nature is not the recovered technology, but the recovered biology. It is
the clash of these two sets of facts, then, that appears to be behind
the hinted-at internal dissention in the study group when it came to the
question of origins of the recovered vehicle.
There is another technological bombshell that
deserves to be weighed carefully in the light of what has already been
stated regarding the Nazi UFO Legend and Kammler's think tank:
"Totally lacking conventional wing,
fuselage, nacelle, control and fuel systems strongly indicates it is
not Russian. Consultation with Paperclip specialists concur."
The question that now inevitably arises is
this: Would the US military have been likely to consult the nearby
former Nazi rocket scientists in its employment if it even remotely
suspected that what had fallen into its hands was something
extraterrestrial, and thereby, technologically extremely advanced and
sophisticated? I think it is possible, but very unlikely.
The more likely explanation was hinted at by
Colonel Corso himself in the epigrams that began this chapter:
the German Paperclip scientists were shown the recovered vehicle, which
on Corso's own admission looked like one of the Horten brothers' flying
wings, because the craft itself and its performance characteristics were
highly suggestive of similar high performance and unconventional
aerodynes under development by Nazi Germany.
In this context, the very next statement is
perhaps very telling and suggestive, for the language is very careful
"Aerodynamic features exhibited in ULAT-1
represent a very high degree of engineering and sophistication not
seen in this country."23
23 Ibid., p. 67, emphasis added.
If an "ET" origin were suspected, and that
explanation already agreed upon, then the sentence would have read
"Aerodynamic features exhibited in ULAT-1 represent a very high degree
of engineering and sophistication not seen on this planet." So what
country is meant here, and in this context? Only three countries are
immediately represented in the previous discussion. Was it Russia?
Germany? or the United States? Once again, the language retreats into
ambiguity, though the clearest explanation is that the country referred
to is the United States, otherwise, why bring in the German Paperclip
scientists to render their opinion?
At this juncture an odd transition occurs,
for in the segue to the discussion of the recovered bodies, the "ET"
myth begins to surface in this context as a plausible explanation for
explaining the UFOs' military-style surveilling activities, activities
begun, so the document surmises, in response to humanity's detonation of
atom bombs during the war and after. This explanation, in feet, was
arrived at years later, and quite independently, by astute UFOlogists
such as Friedman.
With the mention of recovered bodies the
segue is complete, and one is now confronted by a set of data and
descriptions totally at variance with the technical data and the
data-set favoring terrestrial origins hypothesis:
"Several bodies were
discovered....Outwardly, they appear human-like with but one
exceptions.... a rarely observed...," and then follows a blacked out
A rarely observed what? Presumably a
rarely observed physiological feature in humans, but evidently recurring
in all of the recovered bodies. Was it a rare blood type or blood
disease? Webbed toes and digits? Extra or missing fingers? We do not
But having blacked out this all-important and
conclusive feature, the document then concludes that this "rarely
observed something" supports "the premise that these beings originate
from another planet." Note then that, as far as the document itself is
concerned, it is not the recovered technology but the recovered biology
that argues the most persuasively for the ET origins of the craft. But
this conclusion, as it stands, is for us, if not for the writer and
compiler of the report itself, an argument from silence. The ET
explanation is therefore the weaker of the two explanations internal to
the document as they have been publicly redacted and received.
The second part of the document is entitled
"Technical Evaluation (Preliminary)." Here it will be necessary to cite
this part of the document in fall, including once again the blacked out
portions, in order to exhibit the fall extent of the contradictory
nature of these two very different data-sets.
TECHNICAL EVALUATION (PRELIMINARY) ULAT-1
- Upon close examination of the exterior
surfaces of the craft's fuselage, metallurgists found the skin to be
of a ferrous metal white in color. The metal exhibits all the
characteristics of high-grade steel. It was determined that the steel
was cold-formed and heat-treated. Tensile strength was estimated in
excess of 150,000 pounds per square inch. Shear tests give the metal a
durability rating about 175,000 pounds per square inch, making the
fuselage extremely strong and heat resistant.
- Static and pressure flow simulations were
impressive. The low profile ratio of 6-to-l gives the aerodyne a great
advantage in overcoming the restrictions of the boundary layer effect
in high performance operations.
- Spar flanges are constructed in unusual
kinematics design which is believe (sic) to allow strain relief at
supersonic speeds. There were no visible signs of plate-stiffeners.
There were no fasteners, weld (sic), rivets, or fitting holding the
- Lack of wings, flaps, stabilizers, and
surface control features suggests that the craft is a lifting body.
- There are no air intakes or exhaust.
- There are no cables.
- There are no identifiable electronics
(wiring, ignition, lights, instrument, compartment, engine, motors,
vacuum tubes, solenoids, generators, heaters, etc.)
- The power plant (severely damaged)
??????????? neutronic engine. ???????? Detected. Heavy water and
deuterium (light hydrogen) elements appear to be the primary igniter.
A series of coils and heavy magnets connected to the neutronic engine
via an oddly arranged group of electrodes (metal not yet identified)
appears to be the motive force. One small motor was examined. It is
encased in a pure aluminum capsule directly underneath the main engine
compartment. There is a small exhaust aperture that has what can by
(sic) only described as an helicoids mechanism ?????????????? the
auxiliary motor may be articulated.
- Navigation and engine controls may be
activated by tactile manipulation. Viewing may have been achieved by
some form of television imagery. Symbolic notation appears to be in
the form for flight and control indicators. Flat panels of unknown
metal has (sic) been suggested as a device associated with the
operation of the aerodyne was discovered and analyzed. Its mode of
operation and purpose is unknown.
The absence of provisions, berthing
compartments and storage areas suggest the notion that this craft may be
a short range reconnaissance platform. The only recognizable features
examined were five hand ??????? with arm rests fashioned for vertical
and horizontal flight. A leaf book of ????...
And here, almost an entire page of the
document is blacked out, i.e. approximately two double-spaced
typewritten pages. The document then continues:
Mode of operation is believed to be
instrumentation and suggests that the aerodyne from reconstruction of
available wreckage t??????'.'" bio-sensory and optical stimuli for these
a. Absence of indicator lights;
b. Absence of linear dials, or moving pointers;
c. Absence of counters;
d. Absence of scopes;
e. No mechanical signal indicators.
- There were no identifiable
control types found among t h e assortment of artifacts that would
indicate the operation of the propulsion unit was manually activated:
no knobs, push-buttons, toggle switches, levels, balls, handwheels,
handcranks, or foot-pedals were observed in interior space of the
- The apparent lack of
additional clothing and equipment reinforces the belief that the
occupants were engaged in a purely exploratory flight.
- It is not presently known
if electromagnetic radiation effects from the power plant had
contributed to pilot error or death before impact. If inadequate
shielding was the primary cause of pilot error, ???7?????????s
- A very tentative working theory was
expressed by the scientific members of the inspection team that
pilot-aerodyne interaction may occur via electronic-non word symbols
perceived through the tactile manipulation of the fingers, feeding
impulses to the brain and vice versa. All of which may suggest a
non-inert quality of the materials existent as being a product of
- The following elements were analyzed and
found to exist in the small neutronic power plant that was found
a. UF6 in metallic form;
b. Hydrogen-fluoride gas;
c. Water and uranium tetrafluoride;
d. Powdered magnesium and potassium chlorate;
e. Metal similar to lead with a chocolate brown color;
f. U-235 in metallic form;
g. Plastic like material similar to NE 102;
i. Pure aluminum;
h. Thorium isotope material;
j. plutonium powder.24
- Scientists from Los Alamos and Sandia
Base were alarmed that the power plant could possibly function as
a bomb if the elements described above were processed in similar
fashion as was done for the lens and shotgun detonators.25
- The only evidence of circuitry found
on the motor was thin plastic-like sheets fashioned like platters
embossed on the exterior of the spherically-shaped casing coated
by a thin film of pure silver. Under high power magnification it
was observed a series (sic) of fine grid-like lines intersecting
groups of dots arranged in circular patterns.
24 Note that the ordering here is that of
the original document. As the Drs. Wood suggest, this flaw argues
strongly for the document's authenticity. I concur.
25 The lens detonator refers to the
implosion device used in plutonium based atom bombs to compress the
critical mass. The device was described in part one. The shotgun
detonator refers to the critical mass assembly mechanism in uranium-235
based atom bombs.
- Based on all vailable evidence collected
from recovered exhibits currently under study by AMC, AFSWP, NEPA,
AEC, ONR, NACA, JRDB, RAND, USAAF, SAG, and MIT, are deemed
extraterrestrial in nature. This conclusion was reached as a result of
comparisons of artifacts
Missouri discovery in 1941. The technology is outside
the scope of US science, even that of German rocket and aircraft
- Interplanetary space travel is possible
provided adequate funding, necessary resources are made available, and
national interest is piqued.
- Human origins may not be constrained to
one planet. Our genus may be found among solar systems similar to our
- The laws of physics and genetics may have
a genesis in a higher, structured order that once (sic) previously
26 Wood and Wood, op. cit., pp. 69-75,
emphasis added. All strike-through typeface are in the original.
We are now in a position to summarize once
again the two data- sets - the ET data set and the terrestrial-origins
data-set - and the internal contradictions these present in the
We begin with the conclusion the document
reaches after the lengthy summary of the technical data:
"Based on all available evidence collected
from recovered exhibits currently under study by AMC (etc.)...are
deemed extraterrestrial in nature."27
Note then what has happened within the same
document. What began as an open-ended discussion, with either the
terrestrial or extraterrestrial explanations being left more or less an
open question in Part I of the document, quickly becomes a definitive
conclusion in favor of the ET hypothesis by Part III, after Part II
mentioned that "rarely observed something" as being evidence for an ET
origin of the recovered bodies. Thus, what is otherwise an extraordinary
but nevertheless terrestrially explainable list of technical components
in Part III becomes deftly reinterpreted within the ET paradigm that
formed the transition from Part I to Part III.
It is to be admitted that some of the
technical descriptions found in Part III would baffle most engineers of
2004, not to mention those of 1947:
"there were no visible signs of
plate-stiffeners. There were no fastners, weld, rivets, or fittings
holding the fuselage together."28
Another unusual technological feature that,
in 1947 at least, would have argued strongly for an ET origin of the
craft was the apparent biological-mechanical "interface" between
pilot/crew and the craft that allowed immediate brain-craft control
interaction, and which would have accounted for the apparent lack of
normal control surfaces that was noted in he report:
"symbolic notation appears to be the form
for flight and control indicators. Flat panels of unknown metal has
(sic) been suggested," and so on.29
27 Ibid., p. 75., PT III, par. 1.
28 Ibid., p. 69, f 3.
While this type of biometric technology is
now known - and employed - by today's western military forces, it was
only a science fiction dream in 1947. This fact led Colonel
Corso, for example, to reveal that such technology was gradually
"seeded" into American industry once its principles of operation were
known. Finally, the most exact description of an advanced technology in
apparent advance of 1947 American capabilities is found at the very end
of Part II, with its description of thin plastic sheets coating by a
film of silver on which was inscribed a fine grid like pattern of lines,
circles and intersecting patterns. What is described here sounds very
much like a 1947 description of an integrated circuit.
But what is remarkable is the conclusion
drawn from all this technical detail: "Interplanetary space travel is
possible...."30 This is
the conclusion reached by analysis of all the preceding extensive
technological summary. Yet, the document's own stated "observed
characteristic" - speeds of a mere 1,200 MPH - do not support this
conclusion at all, as was previously noted. One is in the presence, in
other words, of two very different data-sets, even where the technology
However, it is equally crucial to observe
that all other technological data points can be explained by reference
to specific achievements of the Nazi secret weapons research. We will
now consider these in detail. The metal of the craft, we are initially
told, is some white-colored iron-basedmetal having the characteristics
of high grade steel that was "cold-formed and heat treated."31 The process of forming and molding
high tensile steel was in fact called "cold extrusion" and it was a
technology that the Germans had perfected during the war. Moreover, the
document also notes that the "lack of wings, flaps, stabilizers, and
surface control features suggests that the craft is a lifting
body,"32 a design principle
well in keeping with the most advanced German wartime research into
A further connection to known Nazi research
interests is found in paragraph two: "The low profile ratio of 6-to-l
gives the aerodyne a great advantage in overcoming the restrictions of
the boundary layer effect..."33 layer, as we have already seen,
formed an early focal point of secret German research undertaken even
before the beginning of the World War.
30 Ibid., p. 75,par. 2.
31 Ibid., p. 69.,par. 1.
32 Ibid., p. 69,par. 4.
33 Ibid., par. 2.
But now the internal contradictions in the
document become stark and acute. For example, there is a curious
juxtaposition and contradiction between paragraphs seven and eight.
Paragraph seven states that "there are no identifiable electronics
(wiring, ignition...etc),"34 and yet, in the very next
paragraph, we are informed that, in the arrangement of technologies in
the "neutronic engine" there are "a series of coils and heavy magnets
connected to the neutronic engine via an oddly arranged group of
electrodes (metal not yet identified)."35
Coils and magnets certainly constitute
"identifiable electronics," so what is apparently really in view is the
"oddly arranged group of electrodes," suggesting that it is not the
technology as such that is unusual, but its design and arrangement and
combinations. And the description of this odd arrangement and spherical
electronics sounds suspiciously like Hans Coler's "coils" and the
Shneppeller devices previously examined. So here too, the
document seems to point not so much to something extraterrestrial, but
to something that, while exotic, was very terrestrial, and uniquely
German. It is perhaps even significant that the document mentions a
design feature we encountered in the turbines and rotational devices of
Viktor Schauberger: a "helicoid mechanism."36
One would expect from such advanced
"extraterrestrial" technology such as this at least some sort of solid
state electronics and better speeds than a paltry 1,200 MPH and an
engine constructed of coils and magnets "oddly arranged." Then there is,
from the terrestrial origins point of view another giveaway: "The
absence of provisions, berthing compartments and storage areas suggest
that this craft may be a short range reconnaissance platform."
37Certainly this statement
could be made to fit with an "ET" explanation, but it is equally true
that is is more appropriate to a terrestrial origins interpretation.
34 Ibid., p. 70, par. 7.
35 Ibid., par. 8.
37 Ibid., par. 9.
Finally, the oddest mention in the whole of
the document's Part II: a "leaf book" whose contents are apparently so
sensitive that no part of the presumed summary of is contents is leaked.
The entire description is blacked out. This is extremely interesting,
and another point of internal contradiction, for in the light of the
description of integrated circuitry encountered above and any culture
possessing it, digital data storage is possible. Surely an advanced
extraterrestrial culture with interplanetary travel capability would
have a more advanced technology for data storage than a book.
Yet there is no mention in the whole document
of anything that resembles digital data storage systems. There are no
cassette tapes, no compact disks, no nothing. This is not to say that ET
would not have, nor read, books. After all, we posses both technologies,
and continue to use both. But in any case, it cannot be denied: a book
is a totally terrestrial, and well-known, and old technology.
Perhaps the most interesting technical
descriptions, however, are to be found in those portions describing the
"neutronic engine." Eleven components are described:
(1) UF6 (i..e, uranium hexafluoride) in metallic
(2) Hydrogen-fluoride gas
(3) "water" and uranium tetrafluoride
(4) powdered magnesium and potassium chlorate
(5) a "metal similar to lead with a chocolate brown
(6) U235 in metallic form
(7) a plastic like material similar to (DuPont's) NE
(9) pure aluminum
(10) "thorium isotope material"
(11) plutonium powder
There are a number of very odd features about
First note that nine of the eleven components
of the "neutronic engine" describe wholly terrestrial - though for 1947
- still very advanced technologies.
Second, note that the document states clearly
that these elements "were analyzed and found to exist in the small
neutronic power plant.38 So
the elements were subjected to chemical and presumably other types of
analysis, such as spectroscopy. One may even speculate where they were
analyzed: close by in the Los Alamos laboratories, one of the few
facilities in the country at that time, and certainly the only one in
New Mexico, capable of handling and analyzing such exotic and
It is in this context that the third odd
feature becomes evident, for the isotopic form of uranium - U235 - is
clearly specified, suggesting that the necessary technique of analysis
employed was precisely spectroscopy, since chemical analysis cannot
separate-isotopes of the same element. We may also assume that this
analysis indicated a high degree of purity, since one of the concerns of
the scientists involved was precisely that the uranium could be used for
a bomb, which means that it was of weapons grade purity. And we may
likewise safely assume that the plutonium present was Pu240 the stable
38 Ibid., p. 74, par. 18.
39 Another factor now should be noticed. The presence of these
two elements without any mention of proper shielding indicates a serious
technical flaw in the document, notwithstanding its external indicators
With this in mind, a question immediately
resents itself: Why is there an ambiguity when it comes to "thorium
isotope material?" Was this because it was an unknown isotope? Unlikely,
since precision is indicated in the case of the uranium, and implied in
the case of the plutonium. Was it therefore not specified for some other
reason? We will never know.
This leads to yet another oddity. There is a
peculiar blend evident throughout this list of very precise, and very
ambiguous, descriptions that, given the importance of the subject
matter, should not be glossed over. It may be the case that there was
not sufficient time to test and analyze everything precisely, but surely
the presence of "thorium isotope material" merited further precision. In
this respect, note once again that uranium tetrafluoride and uranium
hexafluoride are both precisely indicated, but again, with an
imprecision: what was the isotopic form?
This ambiguity is perhaps most evident in the
mention of "water," for one is left to guess whether this is ordinary
water, or heavily deuterized or tritiumized heavy water. This
imprecision occurs in the same context where earlier precision is the
order of the day, for in paragraph eight, "heavy water" and "deuterium"
are mentioned as the "primary ignitor" of the neutronic
In any case, these nine out of the eleven
components are all known terrestrial technology, and given what has been
covered in this book previously, well within known German and American
capabilities, and, for that time, only within German or American
capabilities. In other words, if these are indicators pointing to a
terrestrial origin for the craft, then the only other possible place it
can point to besides the United States, is the Nazi secret weapons
project and its possible postwar offshoots. This may be the reason why,
then, when the two data-sets come into conflict at various points in the
document, the ambiguity is obfuscated in favor of an extraterrestrial
hypothesis of the craft's origin.
One final note before proceeding with the
examination of other documents from the Cooper-Cantwheel Majic-12 series
of paper; the mention of water and uranium tetrafluoride suggests the
remote possibility that a highly radioactive solution was being
employed, presumably to manipulate neutron emission in conjunction with
the hydrodynamic properties of fluids. This manipulation of
radioactivity, field effects, and hydrodynamic properties - exotic by
even today's standards - was also, as was seen, one apparent principle
behind the operation of Kammler's "Bell". Thus, even in its descriptions
of the most arcane aspects of the craft, the indications point clearly
While all these points constitute to my mind
a very strong set of data points coupling the Roswell craft to the
secret weapons research of Nazi Germany and therefore to a possible
terrestrial origin of "ULAT-1", the document concludes with two very
suggestive, and for that day, advanced and revolutionary concepts that
favor the "ET" explanation. First, it states clearly that "Human origins
may not be constrained to one planet. Our genus may be found among solar
systems similar to our own."41
40 Ibid., p. 70, par. 8.
41 Ibid., p. 75, par. 5.
The only possible foundations for this
astonishing conclusion would appear to be the autopsies purportedly done
on the recovered bodies, but also perhaps based upon analysis of the
contents of the "leaf book discovered in the craft. But then an even
more extraordinary comment follows:
"The laws of physics and genetics may have
a genesis in a higher structured order that once previously
42 Ibid., p. 75, par. 6.
In 1947 physics was well on the path toward
the grand theoretical constructs of the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, having
already seen the higher dimensional theories of Kaluza-Klein and other
theories attempting such "higher structured orders." But genetics and
biology in general had then no similarly grand and formally explicit
conclusions beyond the theory of evolution, which was a long way from
maintaining the grand physics-biology union in a higher structured order
manifest in the statement.
Watson and Crick had yet to announce their
discoveries, and Soviet physicists were still decades away from their
astonishing work in the physics of living systems and consciousness. So
apparently something in that "leaf book" convinced the study group,
during the short period from the crash in July to September of 1947 when
the report was actually completed, that there was a grander union of
physics and biology than anyone could scarcely have imagined.
So what can be concluded from this one
document? I think it is safe to say, that taken as a whole, with both
data-sets viewed together, that it tends to favor neither the ET
explanation nor the terrestrial origins explanation. However, when
viewed separately, the biological information certainly tends to favor
the ET origins hypothesis, and the technological information a
terrestrial - and German - one. If one then places these two facts
within the wider context of other events of 1947, and recalls also the
fact that the German Paperclip scientists were brought in because what
was recovered "looked all too familiar," then in that broad context the
document seems to favor the terrestrial hypothesis. And as we have
argued, that points clearly to America or Germany as the only two
logical places such technology could have originated.
On this speculative reading of the document,
it seems clear then that the apparent contradictions are either
deliberately created, or at the minimum, obfuscated in favor of the ET
explanation. The cover-up has already begun. Can this type of analysis
be sustained on technological information contained in the other great
summary of data, the "Air Accident Report" by General Nathan Twining?
Indeed it can.
2. The 16 July 1947 Air Accident Report by
General Nathan Twining to Headquarters:
This document constitutes the next focus of
technological interest, for it is General Nathan Twining's report to the
Air Material Command (AMC) at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. Officially
titled "Air Accident Report on 'Flying Disc' aircraft near the White
Sands Proving Ground, New Mexico," this report is of singular
importance, as it contains the first on-site technology descriptions and
assessments. In other words, these descriptions occur before the
preliminary review of this September report we have just finished
Again, the main body of the report is cited
almost in full:
- As ordered by Presidential directive,
dated 9 July 1947, a preliminary investigation of a recovered
"Flying Disc" and remains of a possible second disc, was conducted by
the senior staff of this command. The data furnished in this report
was provided by the engineering staff personnel of T-2 and aircraft
laboratory, Engineering Division T-3. Additional data was supplied by
the scientific personnel of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CIT and the
Army Air Forces Scientific Advisory Group, headed by Dr. Theodore
von Karman. Further analysis was conducted by personnel from
Research and Development.
- It is the collective view of this
investigative body, that the aircraft recovered by the Army and Air
Force units near Victorio Peak and Socorro, New Mexico, are not of US
manufacture for the following reasons:
a. The circular disc-shaped "plan-form"
design does not resemble any design currently under development by
this command nor of any Navy project.
b. The lack of any external propulsion
system, power plant, intake, exhaust either for propeller or jet
propulsion, warrants this view.
c. The inability of the German
scientists from Fort Bliss and White Sands Proving Ground to make
a positive identification of a secret German V weapon out of these
discs. Though the possibility that the Russians have managed to
develop such a craft, remains. The lack of any markings, ID
numbers or instructions in Cyrillic, has placed serious doubt in
the minds of many, that the objects recovered are not of Russian
d. Upon examination of the interior of
the craft, a compartment exhibiting a possible atomic engine was
discovered. At least this is the opinion of Dr. Oppenheimer
and Dr. von Karman. A possibility exists that part of the
craft itself comprises the propulsion system, thus allowing the
reactor to function as a heat exchanger and permitting the storage
of energy into a substance for later use. This may allow the
converting of mass into energy, unlike the release of energy of
our atomic bombs.
The description of the power room is as
(1) A doughnut shaped tube
approximately thirty-five feet in diameter, made of what appears
to be a plastic material, surrounding a central core (see sketch
in Tab 1) This tube was translucent, approximately one inch. The
tube appeared to be filled with a large rod centered inside the
tube, was wrapped in a coil of what appears to be copper
material, ran through the circumference of the tube. This may be
the reactor control mechanism or a storage battery. There were
no moving parts discernable within the power room nor in MISSING
(2) This activation of a electrical
potential is believed to be the primary power to the reactor,
though it is only a theory at present. Just how a heavy water
reactor functions in this environment is unknown.
(3) Underneath the power plant, was
discovered a ball- turret, approximately ten feet in diameter.
This turret was encompassed by a series of gears that has a
unusual ratio not known by any of our engineers. On the
underside of the turret were four circular cavities, coated with
some smooth material not identified. These cavities are
symmetrical but seem to be movable. Just how is not known. The
movement of the turret coincides with the dome-shaped copula
compartment above the power room. It is believed that the main
propulsion system is a Modeless turbine, similar to current
development now underway at AMC and the Mogul Project. A
possible theory was devised by Dr. August Steinhof,43
Dr. Wernher von Braun and Dr.
Theodore von Karman as the craft moves through the air, it
somehow draws the oxygen from the atmosphere and by an induction
process, generates a atomic fusion reaction (see TAB 2). The air
outside the craft would thus be ionized, thus propelling the craft
forward. Coupled with the circular air foil for lift, the craft
would presumably have an unlimited range and air speed This may
account for the reported absence of any noise and the apparent
blue flame often associated with rapid acceleration.
(4) On the Deck of the power room there
are what resembles typewriter keys, possibly reactor/powerplant
controls. There were no conventional electronics not wiring to be
seen connecting these controls to the propulsion turret.
e. There is a flight deck located inside
the copula section. It is round and domed at the top. The absence of
canopy, observation windows/blisters, or any optical projection,
lends support to the opinion that this craft is either guided by
remote viewing or is remotely controlled.
(1) A semi-circular photo-tube array (possibly
(2) Crew compartments were hermetically sealed via a
(3) No weld marks, rivets or soldered joints.
(4) Craft components appear to be molded and pressed into
43 A Paperclip scientist.
44 Ibid., pp. 25-26, emphasis added.
There are a number of very similar, and
strikingly dissimilar features between this earlier document and the
later September "White Hot Intelligence Estimate."
First, it is to be noted that in this very
first report there is no mention whatsoever of the extraterrestrial
hypothesis as an explanation of the origin of the craft. Perhaps this is
explained by the relatively brief time that had elapsed since the crash
and the composition of the report, but it is unlikely for a very
important reason. The report clearly states that the "German scientists
from Fort Bliss and White Sands Proving Ground" were unable "to make a
positive identification of a secret German V weapon" from the
This means that the question of origin was in
view from the outset, and yet there is no mention of an extraterrestrial
hypothesis. This reinforces our previous analysis of the "White Hot
Intelligence Estimate", for if the craft was suspected of being
extraterrestrial technology from the very beginning, brimming full of
ultra-advanced ET technology, then it is very unlikely that the German
rocket scientists would have been privy to the discovery at all, given
the heavy American compartmentalization of secret research. In other
words, to put the point once again, something about the craft
immediately suggested a terrestrial and German provenance. By a similar
line of reasoning, the German rocket scientists were not able to
identify it as any German V-weapon. But this may be obfuscation of a
sort, for as Corso has indicated, the Germans clearly told
General Twining something that did not make it into either of his
Second, unlike the later "White Hot Intelligence
Estimate", the element of "mystification" on the part
of the investigators is relatively lacking in this initial report. This
may obviously be due to the fact that the craft has not yet been more
fully analyzed. Yet, the report itself provides an amount of detail that
belies this explanation, for it was apparently known in sufficient
detail for von Braun and von Karman - who were unable to identify the
craft - to suggest a very radical form of propulsion via a charge
differential, a fact that suggests that while they may not have been
able to identify it, they at least may have had their strong suspicions.
Third, the strangely and almost
single-mindedly "terrestrial" nature of the technology described should
be clearly obvious: a simple plastic tube, approximately an inch in
diameter, filled with a substance that is apparently water, in the
center of which is a rod wrapped with a coil of "what appears to be...
45 Ibid., p. 25.
47 Ibid., p. 26.
Moreover, apparently enough examination or
analysis and speculation had been done for the investigators to conclude
that the doughnut reactor was somehow a "heavy water" reactor,47 and that the German scientists are
already thinking in terms of a fusion rather than a fission reactor.
This is perhaps significant, for the equipment described, in the context
of fusion, suggests the same apparatus set up, in some respects, as the
process later known as cold fusion.48
Fourth, it is to be noted that the craft is
described in similar terms to those in the "White Hot Intelligence
Estimate" in the fact that it has "no weld marks, rivets or soldered
But this similarity highlights the fifth
point, and a significant new difficulty. In the previously examined
"White Hot Intelligence Estimate," a certain emphasis was placed by that
report on the apparent lack of conventional means of control:
push-buttons, knobs, toggle switches, and so on. "Biosensory" control
was posited, and these two facts supported an extraterrestrial
explanation of the craft's origin. Moreover, the "White Hot Intelligence
Estimate," it will bee recalled, emphasized the absence of crew
quarters, which it will be recalled, suggested a short range
However, here in his very first report,
Twining states that "crew compartments were hermetically sealed: and
that the means of visual steering of the craft was (suggestively) by
"remote viewing," followed immediately by mention of "a semi-circular
photo-tube array (possibly television)."50 Thus, either this very first report
is describing a different craft than that described in the "White Hot
Intelligence Estimate," or a very deliberate change has been made by the
time of the latter's composition, which does not mention a "photo-tube
array" at all, but stresses rather the complete lack of any such
conventional technologies such as vacuum tubes.51
51 It should be noted, however, that the White Hot Intelligence
Estimate stresses this lack in connection with the propulsion system,
and not the control system, of the craft. It does mention television as
a possibility for visual control and coordination of the craft, yet
fails to mention the "photo-tube array" of the Air Accident Report.
That von Braun and von Karman
are clearly thinking along cold fusion lines is evident from the fact
that a mere plastic tube, much less the presumed heavy water within it,
would have been blasted away in millionths of a second by the extreme
heat present at the initiation of any hot fusion reaction.
And finally, the sixth point. In the "White
Hot Intelligence Estimate," emphasis is placed on the lack of control
features inside the craft. Yet, in the "Air Accident Report," a very
conventional, very terrestrial set of "what resembles typewriter keys,
possibly reactor/powerplant controls" were found.52 These very terrestrial sounding
"typewriter keys" are not the only piece of hardware that do not sound
like ultra-advanced solid state ET technology, for perhaps the most
perplexing aspect of the "Air Accident Report's" power plant description
is the fact that the "ball-turret" component of the assembly was
"encompassed by a series of gears that has an unusual ratio not known by
any of our engineers."53
Gears!!?? Does this advanced ET heavy water
doughnut cold fusion reactor with typewriter keys come with automatic,
or just standard?
For the reader who has been paying attention,
however, the description of the craft in the "Air Accident Report," as
distinct from that in the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate," sounds very
similar to descriptions of the various advanced technologies the Nazis
were trying to perfect. And the clincher is the "bladeless turbine,"
that was apparently under development at the Air Materials Command and
in the Mogul Project.54 Viktor Schauberger's
"Repulsine" saucer, developed for the Nazis, involved just
such a bladeless turbine.
Taken on its own then, the "Air Accident
Report" has little in it to suggest an extraterrestrial explanation, and
a great deal in it that sounds all too uncomfortably like the secret
research of the Kammlerstab. Notably, once again one senses that
"conventional" though still highly advanced technologies were not the
most unusual feature of the craft to catch the investigators' attention.
The unusual aspect that commanded it was rather their unusual and
sophisticated combination: doughnut heavy water fusion reactors with
gears and ball-turrets.
Taken together, these two documents begin to
suggest that a "story" is beginning to take shape in the secret counsels
of what will become the Majic-12 group.
First, the German Paperclip scientists
were brought in, most likely because something about the craft - this
very same feature of unusual combinations of technologies - suggested to
the high American brass a very terrestrial, very German, origin. Second,
while the technologies and their unusual combinations of them suggested
by these two documents are not sufficiently advanced to argue
persuasively for the ET explanation, they are sufficiently advanced
enough to conclude that they constituted a significant national security
threat and issue.
Somebody, somewhere, must have appeared to
the high American brass-in-the-know, and we can only assume that General
Twining was one such general officer, that someone somewhere was
continuing, independently, the lines of research begun by the
Kammlerstab. This required in turn a new intelligence and
research-development agency with the highest security classification and
direct responsibility to the President.
In short, there was an independently
surviving Nazi research black project, and if the Roswell crashed
vehicle(s) gave sufficient evidence of this fact, then the shock waves
this must have sent through the corridors of power in the Pentagon must
have been unimaginable. All the better then to cloak the sensational
discovery in a multi-layered disinformation operation, to conceal it, as
Nick Cook suggested, behind the ET Myth.
But there is another hypothesis that is also
suggested by the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate", and that is
that very possibly the truth was a combination of the two, that the
first crash and recovery took place in Europe, and became the basis of a
massive and very secret Nazi black projects effort to back engineer it.
As we shall see at the end of this chapter, there is surprising
confirmation of this idea from a little suspected source, a source often
overlooked in histories of the Second World War and its rapid
technological advancements. We will return to further development of
this scenario in connection with the Nazi UFO Legend after we have
examined the third document dealing with the technological aspects of
the Roswell incident.
3. The Fall 1952 Majestic Twelve Project
First Annual Report:
This report should be viewed in conjunction
with the two reports just examined, for it is the considered and calm
review, now some five years form the event, of the highest levels of the
agency established as a result of the Roswell Incident. As such, its
descriptions of the recovered technology are of crucial significance,
for by comparison one can ascertain the progress, or lack thereof, made
in the intervening years in analyzing the recovered technologies.
Moreover, one can analyze the progress, or lack thereof, of the ET
interpretation first tentatively suggested in the "White Hot
At the outset, The "First Annual Report"
clearly rules out a terrestrial explanation almost from the very
beginning of the document: "All efforts have been made to identify the
country or private concern (which) could have the technical and
financial resources necessary to produce such a long-range flight. So
far, no country on this earth has the means and the security of its
resources to produce such."55 The chronological progression of
the ET hypothesis, from no mention in the "Air Accident Report," to an
initially tentative and later stronger mention in the "White Hot
Intelligence Estimate," has now ended with the ET hypothesis alone being
the considered view of the group.
55 Ibid., p. 106.
The signal question to be addressed in the
examination of this document is whether or not the evidence it cites
sufficiently supports and compels to that conclusion. Or does it too
fall into the pattern of internal conflicts of data-sets evidenced in
the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate," presenting evidence that
may have more terrestrial, and for that very reason, more sensational
and extraordinary implications?
Preceding to the first piece of evidence
advanced in favor of its chosen extraterrestrial explanation, the "First
Annual Report" like the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate" before it
clearly indicates that the recovered bodies are the strongest evidence
in favor of that explanation:
"The occupants of these pan-form vehicles
are, in most respects, human or human-like. Autopsies, so far
indicate, that these being share the same biological needs as
It is to be noted that this is the first
piece of evidence presented in the document, and thus to the MJ-12
group, it has already eclipsed in importance the significant
But then in the very next section, two rather
disturbing pieces of information are presented in very succinct fashion,
without undo fanfare or preparation in the body of the document
preceding them: "MAJESTIC SS&P," we are informed, "are currently
focused on Psy-Op development for Cold War (counter-intelligence)
activities."57 Then in the
very next sentence comes a stunning admission:
"Utilization of Paperclip specialists has
yielded valuable results in new weapons research in areas of flight
dynamics, biological and chemical agents, mind control, and
intelligence gathering techniques."58
Ponder what has now been admitted:
Majestic-12, allegedly established as a super-secret research,
development, and intelligence agency, is already engaged - almost
Ahnenerbe style - in psychological operations, employing Nazi scientists
and "specialists" in new weapons development, including "mind control"
and "intelligence gathering techniques."
What has any of this to do with back-engineering alien flying
saucers (whether terrestrial or extraterrestrial), unless a
psychological warfare operation was considered to be essential
for counter-intelligence purposes?
Was the "ET" explanation being advanced as an integral
component of that operation?
The beginning of this agenda was already
beginning to make its presence felt as early as the "White Hot
Intelligence Estimate," but there is not the slightest hint of it in the
"Air Accident Report."59
56 Ibid., p. 106.
57 Ibid., p. 107.
59 And now another curious feature should be evident. The "Air
Accident Report" nowhere mentions any recovered bodies, extraterrestrial
or otherwise, certainly a curious omission if in fact there were such
bodies present at one of the crash sites. Or was the problem simply that
they were the wrong kind of bodies?
A lengthy section of the document then
follows outlining in detail the various areas for long-range
technological exploitation and development, ranging provocatively enough
from "retro-viruses" and other biological warfare and pharmaceutical
development, to miniaturization of "atomic bomb components" and
"aircraft and missile design," to "new machining techniques... for
high-temperature alloys and titanium" for "space exploration and
Clearly by the time of this "First Annual
Report" a great deal of research has already been done. But the
resemblance with the broad mission brief and portfolio of Kammler's
think tank is readily apparent, doubtless because of the presence of the
Paperclip "specialists" within the organization, for in five short
years, what began as a "modest" back-engineering and technology recovery
black project has ballooned into a mega- bureaucracy coordinating almost
all broad areas of American black projects secret weapons research.
Minus the death camps, of course, Majic-12 is
almost the mirror image of the Kammlerstab. Is it the presence of
Nazis, working in the deepest recesses of these black projects, that
explains the US military's experimentation on Black American and other
minority US citizens and solders, groups that such Nazis considered to
be racially inferior? It is a profound moral question that cannot be
pondered too long.
In any case, the document indicates that the
propulsion technology of the craft is a major focus of effort:
The AEC and NEPA are currently conducting
research for advanced technologies in atomic engines and radical
propulsion studies. Systems studies at Los Alamos, N.M., Aak Ridge,
Tenn., and at Langley, Va., are attempting to duplicate the water
drive and plastic core elements found on the engine being kept at
HAFB. Integration of hydrogen base fuels and electro-hydrodynamic
technology, may open up for us development of super-aerodynes with
mach 5 capabilities.61
60 Ibid., pp. 108-109.
61 Ibid., p. 110, f J.
The document then notes that the intention of
the "visitors" does not appear to be conquest, since it would be easily
within "their" capabilities if "they" chose to do so.62
Placing the whole project and its associated
agencies at a level of classification higher than "that of the H-Bomb
development,"63 The "First
Annual Report" then provides a rationale for its policy of strict denial
of Roswell and similar types of events, predicting collapse of cultural
confidence in familiar institutions such as science and
religion.64 So far, so good
for the ET explanation.
62 Ibid., par. K.
63 Ibid., par. L.
64 Ibid., par. H.
But then at this juncture the technological
"Annexes" are appended, the first of which, Annex A, contains
information on the recovered craft and their occupants.
The Panel's review of the AEC and AFSWP
investigation of Site L-1 and he Air Force Site L-2, has led the Panel
to conclude that the objects under study, are the result of a high
altitude ejection of a escape (sic) cylinder from a fatal mid-air
collision of two unidentified circular platform aircraft of
Of particular interest to the Panel was site
L-2, located at Lat 33-40-31, Long 106-28-29, as this site yielded the
most material for analysis.
Site L-2 may be closely associated with Site
L-l, and debris pattern suggests that the craft hit the ground at a
sharp angle and continued to remain airborne until coming to rest at
The craft found at Site L-2, is either the
remains of a rocket-plane, or a powered glider. What remained of the
power plant was examined and determined to be of a magnetic drive
propulsion powered by a fusion reactor of sorts.
Lack of wiring, fuel systems, cables, motors,
hydraulics, intakes, exhaust, and surface controls, strongly suggests
that the craft was designed to travel outside of our atmosphere.
The second craft that impacted at Site L-3,
provided very little evidence that it too was similar in design, as the
impact was vertical in nature and at very high speed. It is believed
that the debris discovered on 2 July 1947, by a local rancher was the
result of a mid-air collision with an X-plane from HAFB; another
unidentified object; or possibly collided with both. Radar film and
tower logs do not explain the merging three radar targets prior to
collision and subsequent crashes.
There were - five recovered bodies, two of
which were found in a severely damaged escape cylinder, and the
remaining three were found some distance away from the cylinder. All
five appeared to have suffered from sudden decompression and heat
suffocation (recovery and autopsies of the occupants are covered in
detail in a separate study GRAY SUIT within Projects 612 and 621, ULATT
EXPLOITATION-MAJESTIC SERIES 4, P. 40-102), as a result of damage
sustained from unknown causes.
The Panel was concerned over the
contamination of several SED personnel upon coming in contact with
debris near the power plant. One technician was overcome and collapsed
(sic) when he attempted the removal of a body. Another medical
technician went into a coma four hours after placing a body in a rubber
body-bag. All four were rushed to Los Alamos for observation. All four
later died of seizures and profuse bleeding. All four were wearing
protective suits when they came into contact with body fluids from the
Autopsies on the four dead SED technicians
are not conclusive. It is believed that the four may have suffered from
some form of toxin or a highly contagious disease. Tissue samples are
currently being kept at Fort Detrick, Md.
The panel was also concerned with the
detection of air-borne monitor flights over the Site L-2. Radiation
readings indicate a high neutron count was recorded as the plane flew
over the site. Neutron count dropped off as the plane flew a
considerable distance from the site. A report has been filed with the
Detection of a high altitude explosion was
recorded by a Project MOGUL constant level balloon on 4 July 1947. Radar
from White Sands Proving Ground and HAFB also detected a surge.
Parachute recovery team from HAFB were
dispatched to Site L-2. Upon arrival, the team, realizing the nature of
the crash, radioed instructions and marked the crash site for the
investigators that arrived later.
In the opinion of the senior AEC medical
officer, current medical equipment and supplies are wholly inadequate in
dealing with a large scale outbreak of alien virus.
Facilities at Los Alamos and Mayo clinics
were considered as lacking in the current climate.
On 26 September 1947, the first meeting of
the NSC-1 was held to discuss the Now Mexico incidents and how to
implement the policy established by MJ-12 SS&P.65
What emerges from this annex is actually very
little new technical data, but the lingering sense of ambiguity that
hovered over the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate" is resolved by the
new information that there were two, possibly more, craft involved, one
of which was a powered "glider".66
65 Ibid., pp. 112-113, emphasis added.
66 It should be noted, however, that the
clear implication of the language of the "Air Accident Report," and even
more of the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate," is that there are more
than one crash site, therefore strong suggesting more than one crashed
Note again that the strongest evidence
presented for the extraterrestrial hypothesis in the document is the
recovery of bodies and their apparently quite toxic effects on humans.
This scenario is not far-fetched, for similar results attended the first
contact between Europeans and American Indians, whose respective systems
had built up different immunities.
Finally, note the strange transformation of
Project MOGUL from a program apparently initially involving bladeless
turbines, to a project involving the launching of constant altitude
balloons to monitor Soviet nuclear tests!
So what can one make of all three documents
together? As we have already observed, there is a curious progression,
from the initial "Air Accident Report", in which an extraterrestrial
explanation is not even mentioned, to the "White Hot Intelligence
Estimate," in which both options are left open initially, but in which
the ET hypothesis becomes the privileged model of interpretation, to the
"First Annual Report", where only the ET hypothesis is seriously
This highlights a possible scenario of what
Let us first consider what happened at the
Roswell incident along the ET paradigm. This paradigm and interpretation
have gained such status within the UFO community that, extraordinary as
it is, it now seems almost commonplace. Unusual debris of some strange
material is discovered by a local rancher in a field. Bodies are found
and autopsied. They are small and human-like and cause the deaths of
some of the medical personnel who first handled them.
A propulsion unit is found that is highly
advanced. The story goes out on the newspaper wire: the army has
recovered a crashed flying saucer, while at the same time General
Twining is issuing his "Air Accident Report" in which no mention is
made of the ET hypothesis at all. Witnesses are interviewed and the
public reaches a conclusion: We have been visited by ET. And this is
indeed a plausible scenario that fits some of the facts alleged in the
reports on the incident.
But there are considerable technological
problems with this interpretation. If the crashed vehicles were even
suspected of being of ET origin, then why call in the German Paperclip
scientists, and then keep them in the loop long after the ET hypothesis
has become the official though top secret explanation? It is far more
likely that they were consulted because some at a very high level in the
US military had seen this technology before. In fact, if it was German
saucer or some later development that crashed in New Mexico, if the
"leaf book" mentioned by the "White Hot Intelligence Estimate" was
"alien" in the sense of foreign but terrestrial, then the military's
alarm becomes paradoxically more understandable.
In 1947 the war was already two years over.
Yet, here was a crashed vehicle with all the signatures one came to
recognize from Kammler's advanced research projects. Where did it come
from? A cover-up on this view would have been as necessary, if not much
more so, from the military's point of view as on the view that it was a
crashed ET vehicle. In this event, the strangeness of the recovered
technology would have suggested a plausible foundation for a deep layer
of disinformation planted in the reports themselves, to be disseminated
when weather balloons and monkey bodies were no longer capable of
holding back the ET flood. There would have been no records of such an
understanding,67 it would
have been arrived at in oral discussions, and "worked into" the
otherwise reliable information contained in its classified reports.
67 In this respect, consider carefully the
statements of Colonel Corso in the epigrams that began this chapter.
In this respect, it is perhaps significant
that some contemporary observers of the American space program and its
odd thirty-year long "holding pattern" and tapestry of inconsistencies,
lies, and obfuscations have long suspected that there are indeed two
space programs inside the US government, the "public NASA one, and a
quasi-independent one based deep within covert and black projects.
In 1970, a curious document based upon the
Garrison Investigation's voluminous files, called the "Nomenclature of an Assassination Cabal",
otherwise known as the Torbitt document, was circulated, alleging
a connection between this secret space program and the murder of
President John F. Kennedy. Radio talk show conspiracy theorist
Mae Brussel concurred: the secret space program was being run
inside and quasi-independently of the public NASA program, and
both were being coordinated by Wernher von Braun.
In this connection it is perhaps informative
that the last document in the Cantwheel Majestic-12 documents is a Top
Secert memo from November 12, 1963, - a scant ten days before the
assassination - from President Kennedy to the Director of Counter
Intelligence of the Central Intelligence Agency:
SUBJECT: Classification review of all UFO
intelligence files affecting National Security. As I had discussed
with you previously, I have initiated ???????? and have instructed
James Webb to develop a program with the Soviet Union in joint
space and lunar exploration. It would be very helpful if you would
have the high threat cases reviewed with the purpose of identification
of bona fide as opposed to classified CIA and USAF sources.
It is important that we make a clear
distinction between the knowns and the unknowns in the
event the Soviets try to mistake our extended cooperation as a cover
for intelligence gathering of their defense and space programs. When
this data has been sorted out, I would like you to arrange a program
of data sharing with NASA where Unknowns are a factor.
This will help NASA mission directors in their defensive
responsibilities. I would like an interim report on the data review no
later than February 1, 1964.
/s/ John F. Kennedy.68
68 Ibid., p. 190.
A program of joint space and lunar
exploration with the Soviet Union would clearly have placed Kennedy at
cross-purposes with Lyndon Johnson and others who viewed the
space program as the next great military development and arms race,
control of which would assure earth dominance. Such a declassification
review and potential release of data would also have brought Kennedy
into sharp conflict and cross-purposes with the Majic-12 Group in
general, and its Paperclip "specialists" in particular, who viewed space
almost exclusively as a military venture.
D. Russians, Terrorists, Asteroids and Aliens: The
But perhaps the most chilling and corroborative
bit of evidence of a secret space program and agenda was left by
Wernher von Braun himself. Dr. Carol Rosin, a close
associate of the former Nazi cum-NASA director and the first woman
corporate manager of Fairchild Industries, gave an affidavit to Dr. Steven Greer's
"Disclosure Project" in the Spring of 2001.
Rosin recounts something that she
alleges von Braun repeatedly told her:
What was most interesting to me was a
repetitive sentence that he said to me over and over again during the
approximately four years that I had the opportunity to work with him. He
said the strategy that was being used to educate the public and decision
makers was to use scare tactics.... That was how we identify an
The strategy that Werner von Braun taught me
was that first the Russians are going to be considered the enemy....
Then terrorists would be identified, and that
was soon to follow... Then we were going to identify third-world country
"crazies". We now call them Nations of concern. But he said that would
be the third enemy against whom we would build space-bead weapons.
The next enemy was asteroids. Now, at this
point he kind of chuckled the first time he said it. Asteroids -against
asteroids we are going to build space-based weapons.69
69 Implying, incidentally, an immense
destructive power -a one-shot planet-busting capacity - for such
weapons, for such power they would have to possess to be of any use
against an asteroid large enough to destroy the earth, or large enough
to threaten all life on it.
And the funniest one of all was what he
called aliens, extraterrestrials. That would be the final scare. And
over and over during the four years that I knew him and was giving
speeches for him, he would bring up that last card. "And remember Carol,
the last card is the alien card. We are going to have to build
space-based weapons against aliens and all of it is a lie."70
70 Steven M, Greer, M.D., Disclosure:
Military and Government Witnesses reveal the Greatest Secrets in Modern
History (Crozer, Virginia: 2001), pp. 255-256.
Russians, Terrorists. Crazed Third World
Dictators. Asteroids. Aliens.
It is significant that President George W.
Bush, shortly after his inauguration, made the Army's chief of space
operations the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, signaling the first
time in history a military space commander has headed such a combined
staff position. It is also significant too that almost immediately
thereafter missile defense - Ronald Reagan's old Strategic Defense
Initiative - once again became a high military and national security
And it is perhaps the most significant of all
that the tragic events of September 11,
2001, marked the transition from Russians to
Terrorists, as the official enemy of choice, and then, with the
invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, almost immediately to Dictators of
"Nations of Concern."
E. An Unlikely Source: Benito
Mussolini's Secret RS/33 UFO- Marconi Study Group: The Original Italian
But how could Dr. Wernher von Braun,
Paperclip rocket "specialist", speaking in the early 1970s, be so
exactingly prescient in his prediction of the exact sequence of
"enemies"? One answer, that of the "Torbitt" document, is of course that he
himself was a senior "insider", privy to the plots and canards of the
innermost conspiracies driving western politics and culture.
However, another source of material has emerged
only recently that might afford a clue as to how long UFOs have been being
secretly studied and attempts made to back engineer them for some time. In
the year 2000, very secret papers from the archives of the Italian
government were deliberately leaked to Italian UFOfologists. Unlike the
MJ-12 documents, however, these documents were not films, nor
photocopies, but the actual handwritten notes and original files and
telegrams, on original paper, with original ink. This allowed documents
experts from the University of Bologna to do an exhaustive analysis of the
paper and inks and style of writing of the telegrams. The conclusion? The
documents were undoubtedly authentic.
The story they contained was nothing less than
explosive, for they told how, in response to various UFO sightings in the
north of Fascist Italy in 1933, and Italian Air Force scrambles to
intercept the intruders, that Benito Mussolini had established the first
state level black projects UFO study group, under the direction of the
famous Italian physicist and inventor Marconi.
The group, like a much later American project,
assembles reports, photographs, witness testimonies, and developed a
classification system for various types of sightings. The group was
classified at the highest level by Mussolini. When Fascist Italy and Nazi
Germany concluded the Rome-Berlin Axis, Mussolini transferred, often
literally shipping this treasure trove of information to Nazi Germany,
where it most likely made its way eventually into the hands of the SS.
In any case, On February 23, 1941, as the war
clouds between the Axis and the United States were growing darker,
Mussolini made one of his characteristically blunt statements. He said,
"It's far more likely that the United States
will be invaded by unknown but warlike inhabitants from the planet Mars,
who will come down from the starry space on unimaginable flying
fortresses, than from the soldiers of the Axis."
A strange statement indeed, even for a man who
excelled in making unpredictable pronouncements.
What does all this suggest? First, that at the
deepest level, a profoundly advanced terrestrial rather than
extraterrestrial technology was behind at least some of the facts
associated with Roswell. This technology and its use in unusual
combinations points quite clearly to Germany. Second, it means that at a
level still deep, but less so, there is an extraterrestrial aspect that
may be part of a disinformation operation and deep-cover story, or that
may have entered the picture nearly a decade and a half before Roswell.
In any case, in the light of the fact that as
more and more documents are leaked, released, or declassified from the
World War 2 era, perhaps the most significant lesson to be learned is that
one should perhaps be more cautious in ascribing an "ET" origin to
such events and sightings without first having considered the terrestrial
alternatives, no matter how disquieting those alternatives maybe.
Italian RS/33 Documents: A Hand Written Field Report